|Writer Sharman Burson Ramsey||Blog||
|HUNTING AND FISHING||
Wilcox County, Alabama
Joseph Richard Hawthorne (1805_) and Hawthorne House, Pine Apple, Wilcox County, Alabama.
A short biography of Joseph Richard Hawthorne is included in the History of Conecuh (County, Alabama). His family settled first in Bellville where they pitched the family tent when Richard was twelve. He was the nominee of the Democratic Party in 1837, then the minority party. He came within seven votes of victory. In 1854 he moved to Pine Apple, Wilcox County. "Here his influence was not inactive and soon public appreciation summoned him to active usefulness. He was sent to represent the county in two terms of the Legislature..." Hawthorne was such an advocate of hard money (gold and silver currency) he won from the opposition the nickname of "The Benton Mint Drop Boy." The fervent national debate continued.
"He has reared a large and respectable family, and accumulated considerable property..." "Generous, hospitable as a prince, warm-hearted and public-spirited, and above all, a devout Christian gentleman, his usefulness is destined to be commensurate with his days."
J. Richard Hawthorne was one of the largest landowners in Wilcox County before the War. John Pelham, the "Gallant Pelham," youngest general of the Confederacy, spent part of his childhood at Hawthorne House, being raised by his grandmother, Harriet Herbert, Joseph Richard Hawthorneís third wife.
This branch of the Hawthorne family originates in Berks Bray, England as did the New England Hawthornes, made famous because of their role in the Salem Witch Trials. The origin of the New England Hawthornes is related in The Hawthornes written by Vernon Loggins and published by Greenwood Press, New York, 1968. LDS files mention a Robert as one of the children of an ancestor of the New England branch. One might presume a relationship to the common ancestor who established the inn at the foot of Hawthorne Hill on the ancient road between London and Oxford. The sign of the inn known as the Woodman showed a green-coated forester, axe raised about to chop into the trunk of a great gray oak. Nathaniel Hawthorne related the oral tradition of the legend of recovered Roman treasure by the humble innkeeper and ancestor of these Hawthornes in "An Old Woman's Tale".
Generation No. 1
1. JOHN1 HAWTHORNE was born in County of Berks, Parish of Bray, England.
Notes for JOHN HAWTHORNE:
Notes for JOHN HAWTHORNE:
Most of the research on this Hawthorne family has been done by Shaun Morley whose wife is also a descendant of this line. email@example.com He states:
"A few explanations first. The spelling of the name changes virtually every time it is written down. In the 16th century it was very much phonetic, and so Hawthorne, Hawthorn, Hathorne, Hauthorn and many other variations are all legitimate.
Bray was a small village (and still is) in central Berkshire. A location you will see mentioned is East Oakley which is in the parish of Bray, a small hamlet about a mile from the village and near to Windsor. I live about ten miles away from Bray. My wife's family on most of her mothers side have all lived within a circle of about 15 miles circumference for as far back a s I can find. The last Mary Hawthorne mentioned below from whom my wife is descended married in to a family called Banister from Finchampstead, Berks who were Lords of the Manor for the village since1170."
I am grateful to Shaun for his excellent research. Sharman
Dictionary of terms used in wills and inventories
Accompt (ant) Account (ant)
Ambry Early type of large cupboard with doors, usually for food but laterfor books, linen, cl othes etc.
Andiron (angerirns) a pair of horizontal bars supported on three shortfeet, with upright pill ar in front, usually ornamental, placed on eachside of the hearth to support burning wood
Appurtances rights belonging to a property
Bastern ware ?
Beers (See pillow beers)
Beseech To solicit, to implore
Bole, boll bowl
Boulster, etc a bolster, a long round pillow
Bord (burde, berd, board) Table top supported on trestles but not fixedto them. Made until en d of 16th century
Boulting hutch a box or chest for flour
Boulting whitch bolting = flour
Brace, brase Brass
Brake several meanings, a toothed implement for dressing flax or hemp
Brake several meanings, a toothed implement for dressing flax or hemp
Brazen (brasen) of brass
Bredgrate a grate for bread
Bucking tub (bucking cooler) Washing tub
Bushell dry measure of 8 gallons, for grain, etc or the container forthis amount
Bynne Bin or tub
Cabedar (cawbord, coboard, etc) cupboard
Cardes implement similar to a wire brush for separating and combing outthe fibres of wool, he mp, etc
Cartte (carte) strong springless vehicle of two wheels used mainly inagriculture
Cawase sheets sheets which are coarse or large in fibre
Cawbord see 'cabedar'
Chaffer, chaffing dish small enclosed brazier containing hot coals,usually charcoal, for heat ing food and drink
Charter Any formal writing in evidence of grant, contract or othertransactions, conferring o r confirming titles, rights or privileges
Chattels any kind of property which is not freehold
Chayse (chaise) a light open carriage for one or more persons or a couch
Chearchaise couch with a solid back which could be turned over tolie flatupon the arms
Cheesebord board for standing cheeses on whilst maturing
Chidiron scolding iron
Cittalles See kittle
Closse stoole commode
Cobb A short legged strong horse
Cobberns, Coberds, cobirons Irons for supporting the spit
Coofer Coffer; a small chest or box
Copyhold tenure of land being parcel of a manor according to its custom,by copy of the manori al roll
Couchant Lying down
Court coubord open 3 tier structure of shelving, the two front supportsusually turned and cor nice carved. It sometimes had a narrow drawer underthe middle shelf. Later, doors enclosed th e lower tier. Pewter, plate andearthenware were displayed on it
Coverlette (coverlidde, couverled, cufferlet) bed covering made ofvarious materials but frequ ently woven by a coverlet weaver
Coverture The condition of a married woman as legally deemed under theprotection of her husba nd
Creeper possibly a creepie, a low stool
Crowes strong bars of iron used as a lever and for other purposes
Curteynes, curtines curtains
Damask a twilled linen fabricwoven with patterns, used mainly for tablelinen
Demesne, demain A Manor house with lands adjacent to it not let out totenants; Any estate i n land
Depasture To put to pasture; To graze
Disinherison The act of disinheritance
Distend To stretch forth or apart
Dradge dredge, a mixture of oats and barley sown together
Dray a low strong cart for heavy goods
Drink tub open vessel, to contain milk or other liquid
Dripping Pan pan placed below the meat on a revolving spit to catch thedrips
Dublet, doblet A close fitting body garment with or without sleeves wornby men or women for t he upper part of the body, with hose
Escheat Property that falls to the feudal lord or to the state for wantof an heir (escheato r = official who watched over escheats
Estreated A true extract or copy
Faggots a bundle of sticks for fuel
Fane, fanne a basket or shovel used for separating corn from chaffbythrowing it into the air , the corn falling to the ground and the chaffblowing away
Fat, fate (fatte) vat
Fender a guard before the hearth to confine the ashes
Ferkin cask for liquids, butter etc. holding 9 gallons or 56 pounds
Flasket oblong or oval tub for washing clothes
Frank pledge A mutual suretyship by which the members of a tithing weremade responsible for o ne another
Frin pane frying pan
Flytches side (as in side of bacon)
Forme a long seat or bench
Fryse, frize, fresse Frieze; a coarse woollen cloth with a nap on one side
Frith A wooden country; brushwood or underwood
Garner a chest for grain or meal
Garretts a room just under the roof of a house
Gelding a castrated animal, especially a horse
Halbert a military weapon, a combination of spear and battle axe on ahandle 5 to 7 feet long
Hamper a large basket
Handiron see andiron
Haroe, haras harrows
Hatchill implement for hacking hemp, or combing the course fibres fromthe fine
Heifer a young cow
Hitchells (a nest of)
Hoese, hose, huse A covering for the legs or feet, stockings or closefitting breeches
Hog, hogg sheep of either sex from six months to first sheering
Hogsed hogshead - a large cask of varying capacity to contain liquer
Holland 1) a fine linen, or 2) glazed earthenware originally importedfrom Delft, Holland
Hotchpot In property law, the collecting of property so that it mayredistributed in equal sha res especially on intestacy of a parent who hasgiven property to his children in his lifetime
Huse See hoese
Impris, imprimis, in primis in the first place
Jack A device for turning the spit when roastingmeat before the fire
Jackytt a defensive coat usually of leather; a short coat
Joint stool (and other furniture) made by a joiner
Keading trough kneading trough - a wooden trough for kneading dough
Keg a small cask
Kever (keever, kiver) a large tub
Kilderkine casks for liquids, fish etc holding from 16 to 18 gallons
Kittle (kettele, keddle, keytel, etc.) an open cooking pot or panwithsemi-circular handlesfix ed to both sides
Kyne (key, kie, kyy, kyen, kynys, kine, etc) cow
Latten Alloy of copper, lead, zinc & tin similar to fine brass
Lictin possible the same as flytch
Linsywolsy (Lincewoolsea , Lynsy wulsy) Linsey Wulsy - cloth made of amixture of wool and lin en
Leatherne bottle leather bottle, a bottle made of leather and coated withtar or pitch. May fo r beer or cider and were taken to the fields atharvest time or in hot weather
List the selvage on woven textile fabrics
Maslin a mixture of wheat and rye sown and grown together
Matt holes bored through the frame of a bed, through which strong cordswere laced to form a n et like base for for woven rush mat. On thgis wereplaced mattresses, flock and feather bed.
Mattock an agricultural tool used for loosening hard ground, grubbing uptrees, etc resemblin g a pick with an adze shaped blade on one end and aspike on the other
Meashing tub (mashing) used in the first stages of brewing being aninfusion of boilingwater a nd malt
Merestone A boundary stone
Messuage a dwelling and offices with adjoining lands appropriated to thehousehold
Morter mortar, a vessel of hard material such as marble, brass, iron orstone, cup shaped in w hich ingredients are pounded with a pestle
Mowlding board (molding board) a board on which dough or paste was kneaded
Oasthears ? to do with dring of hops ?
Orator Petitioner, as in a civil claim
Painted cloth cloth or canvas painted with religous scenes, patterns offlowers, etc. A chea p substitute for tapestry which was used mainly forwall hangings to keep out the draught, bu t also for bed covers, hangingsand other decoration in the house.
Pannell pad to go under a pack saddle to prevent damage to the horse'sback from a heavy load
Peck a measure for dry goods equal to 2 gallons or a vessel for carryingthis amount
Perquisite Property acquired other than by inheritance
Pillion pad or cussion attached to the hinder part of an ordinary saddle,to carry a second pe rson, usually a woman
Pillow beers pillow cases
Placeam terre vocatum(Latin) Placeam = open space, piece of ground, placeor buildingTerre = l and, piece of land,strip or tenementVocatum = calledor named
Planchers planks of wood
Platter flat dish or plate of pewter, wood or earthenware
Pollard a tree having the whole crown cut off leaving it to send out newbranches from the ste m; Bran or flour mixed with Bran
Porringer bowls of silver, pewter or earthenware for soup or porridge
Postnett (posnet) small metal pot for boiling with a handle and three feet
Pott metal cooking vessel of rounded form, rather deep than broad,usually with three feet t o stand over the fire
Potthangers (pottengase, porringers, podingers, etc.) bowls of silver,pewter, or earthenwar e for soup or porridge
Powdering Tubb tub in which meat was cured with salt and spice
Prongs a fork of any kind, normally for agricultural work
Presse, pres a large cupboard with doors, usually shelves, for keepingclothes, linen, books , etc.
Pressen bord table with cupboard beneath
Reeke, rick A stack (e.g. of hay or oats)
Rod a measuring stick fifteen and a half feet long
Rother beast An ox or cow
Rowde a ribbed material created by stitched padding
Safe a food cupboard, usually with panels of woven hair to ventilate thecontents
Sauser a dish for salt or sauce
Setle (settel) a long wooden bench, usually with arms and a high back,with a locker or box un der the seat
Sheff sheaf of arrows containing 24 in number
Shelfe shelf; moveable rails projecting from the sides of a cart toincrease its capacity fo r carrying hay
Shutt, shoot a young pig
Sickle (sycle) a reaping hook with a curved blade and a short handle
Skillet, skellet, schillettes A cooking vessel of various metals, withthree feet and a long h andle to stand over the fire
Skimours, scomar, skemer skimmer; either of iron for taking the ashesfrom the hearth or of ot her metal for using as a cooking ladel
Skreene a) a domestic protection against draught or a hot fire, or b)used in making malt
Smokloft room for curing food by smoking, especially bacon
Snufflers scissor like instrument with a small box on one blade forsnuffing out candles; simp le form of bridle bit
Spitte (spytt, etc) spit, a slender pointed rod of metal or wood used forthrusting through me at which is then revolved and roasted before a fire
Standinge bedstead a bed standing out in the room, as opposed to onefixed to a wall. With cor ner posts, tester, curtains and vallences,usually decorated with embroidery, rich materials o r painted cloths.
Stands a stand for barrels, kitts, etc.
Stears young castrated oxen
Stockardes (stock cardes) large cards fastened to a stock or support usedfor separating and c ombing out fibres of wool, hemp, etc
StowellsSuppliant StoolsA humble petitioner
Surcease To desist or refrain; to cease
Tafety or Taffeta - a thin glossy silk material
Terrier A register or roll of landed estate
Tester the ceiling of a bed, made of wood or cloth
Todde (tod) bundle, pack or small load of wool weighing 28 pound
Tressil (trest) trestle (see bord)
Trivet (treffett) a three footed metal stand for a pot, kettle etc. infront of or over the fi re
Truckle (trundle) bed a low bed running on truckles (castor), or smallwheels which could be p ushed under a high or standing bed when not in use
Tubb an open wooden vessel made of staves and hoops; a small cask
Tumbrill an old instrument of punishment, pillory or cucking-stool; a twowheeled cart or dun g cart
Twessels (pair of)
Unum placeam terre vocatum(Latin) Unum = one or a Placeam = open space,piece of ground, plac e or building Terre = land, piece of land,strip ortenement Vocatum = called or named
Vann Same as fanne
Wainscott wainscot. wooden panelling to line the walls of a room. Theword was also used for p anelled chests, chairs, etc.
Warming (warin) pan long handled pan with a lid of copper or brass,filled with live coals o r charcoal, to warm beds
Weayning claves (wayning, etc) calves which have been weaned
Wheasevates A form of vat
Whepple (whipple) cross piece of carriage to which the rope or strap of aharnessed animal i s fixed
Whepsaw whip saw a) a long, narrow, two- handled saw or b) a frame sawwith with a narrow blad e used for curved work
Whether a male sheep, especially a castrated ram
Winne fanne winnowing fanne
Winnowing sheet winnow = separate chaff from grain by wind
Winton Wichester (diocese of)
Yeoman small farmer, freeholder, next grade below gentleman
Child of JOHN HAWTHORNE is:
2. i. ROBERT2 HAWTHORNE, b. County of Berks, Parish of Bray, England; d. September 1541.
Generation No. 2
2. ROBERT2 HAWTHORNE(JOHN1) was born in County of Berks, Parish of Bray, England, and died September 1541.
Notes for ROBERT HAWTHORNE:
Notes for ROBERT HAWTHORNE:
In the name of God Amen the 28th day of September the year of our LordGod 1541 I Robert Hawth orne of the parish of Bray husbandman whole ofmind and memory make my last will & testament y e form & manner followingFirst I bequeath my soul unto unto Almighty God & to our Lady swee t Mary& to the Holy Trinity of God & my body to be buried in the church yard ofWarfield Ite m I bequeath to the mother church of Sarum 6 d. Item to Johnmy son A cow & a ? bullock Item t o William my brother? a ? Item to JohnHawthorne a bullock Item to the ? ? of Warfield 4 d. It em to myGodchildren 2 d. a piece The residue of my goods I give & bequeath toMary my son wh o I make my sole executor therof bearing witness William C?& William Chandler & Robert ? ?
Child of ROBERT HAWTHORNE is:
3. i. THOMAS3 HAWTHORNE, d. 1577.
Generation No. 3
3. THOMAS3 HAWTHORNE(ROBERT2, JOHN1) died 1577. He married JOAN CHAMBERS.
Children of THOMAS HAWTHORNE and JOAN CHAMBERS are:
4. i. THOMAS4 HAWTHORNE, d. 1565, East Oakley, Parish of Bray, England.
ii. ELIZABETH HAWTHORNE.
iii. JAMES HAWTHORNE.
iv. JOHN HAWTHORNE.
v. HENRY HAWTHORNE.
vi. WILLIAM HAWTHORNE.
Generation No. 4
4. THOMAS4 HAWTHORNE(THOMAS3, ROBERT2, JOHN1) died 1565 in East Oakley, Parish of Bray, England. He married JOAN POWNEY.
Notes for THOMAS HAWTHORNE:
In the name of God Amen The seventh day of February 1634 in the twentiethyear of the reign o f our Sovereign Lord King Charles of England ScotlandFrance Ireland defender of the faith I T homas Hawthorne of Bray in theCounty of Berkshire yeoman being weak in body but of good and p erfectmemory praised be God do therefore make and ordain this my last will andtestament in ma nner and form following ? First I give and bequeath mysoul into the hands of Almighty God m y creator and my body I commit untothe earth from whence it came to be decently buried accord ing to thediscretion of my executors hereafter named Item my mind and will is thatmy executor s shall have the letting and disposing of all my freeholdlands and tenements and rents issue s and profits thereof received andtake up until my eldest son Thomas shall accomplish the ag e of four andtwenty years upon trust and confidence that they shall employ the samefor and to wards the maintenance placing forth and bringing up of my fivechildren and that if there shal l ? any ? of the same in their hands atsuch time as my said son shall accomplish the said ag e of four and twentyyears that then they equally divide the same amongst my three daughterso r so many of them as shall then living for the bettering of theirpersons And if my said eldes t son shall happen to die before he shallaccomplish the full age of four and twenty years the n my mind and will isthat my said executors shall have the letting and disposing of all mysai d freehold lands and tenements and the rent issue and profits thereofreceived and take up unt il my second son John shall accomplish the fullage of one and twenty years upon trust and con fidence that they shallimploy the same in such manner and form as is aforesaid Item I give an dbequeath unto my said son John and to his heirs forever all that my closeof ? meadow and gro und with appurtenances commonly called or known by thename of Latchmore containing by estimat ion five acres be it more or lesslying and being in East Oakley ? in the parish of Bray afore said Item Igive and bequeath all and singular my goods and chattels and householdstuff whatso ever (my debts paid and funeral expenses discharged) unto mythree daughters Elizabeth Helen a nd Joane to be equally divided amongstthem all ? said goods chattels and household stuff my m ind and will isshall sold by my executors and the money thereof arising to be imployedand dis pose of by my said executors for the bettering and ? of my saiddaughters person and my mind a nd will is that my said daughters shall bepaid their several ? at their several ages of one a nd twenty years or dayof marriage which shall first happen and if any of them shall happen to die before they shall attain unto the said age of one and twenty years orbe married that the n the ? of she or they for dying shall remain and beto the survivor or survivors of them to b e equally divided amongst themItem I make ordain and appoint my brother in law Richard M??ch e of Brayaforesaid yeoman and Robert Lawrence of Bray aforesaid yeoman Executorsof this my la st will and testament ? them to be the same in all thingsperformed according to this my trus t and confidence reposted in them andI give unto the said Richard M??che and Robert Lawrenc e for their painstherein to be taken five shillings a piece In witness whereof I havehereunt o set my hand and seal ? the day and year first above written
Sealed and delivered and published by
the said Thomas Hawthorne in the
presence of Richard Deller the mark of Thomas Hawthorne
Robert Bishop Richard Deller the younger his mark
Probate granted 8th April 1635
An inventory of all and singular the goods and chattels of ThomasHawthorne late of Bray in th e County of Berks yeoman deceased Taken andpraised the 19th day of February 1634 by Robert To dd gent Henry Powneyand Richard Marten yeoman all of Bray aforesaid
Imprimis In the hall one table and frame one forme eight joyned stoolesone court cubbard 2 ch airs all praised at 28 s.
Item a Iron barr a pair of Andirons fire shovel & tongs a Iron trunk and2 Iron hooks 1 pair o f bellows a looking glass 3 window Curteynes a byble& sermon prayer book ? other books & som e other things all praised at 23s. 9 d.
Item in the chamber next the hall 1 standinge bedstead & matt 1 trucklebedstead & matt one fe ather bed & boulster & pillow one flock bed andboulster 1 straw bed & boulster & coverlett fi ve blankets five curteynes10 cussions one carpet one chayse one old warming pan & 4 chests al lpraised at –6 19s. 6d.
Item his wearing apparrell praised at ?
Item in the chamber over the chamber above ? two standing bedsteads 3curteynes 1 matt one flo ck bedd & feather boulster 2 straw boulsters ? 1coverlett 1 blanket four chests & 1 waynscot t box all praised at – 3 7s.10d.
Item in the chamber over the hall one bedstead with curteyn rodds & amatt a straw bedtick on e feather bed & feather boulster five featherpillows two coverletts five blankets two flock b oulsters two chests & alittle table 1 cubbord for pewter a pair of andirons fire shovel & ton gsall praised at – 6 14s. 3d.
Item 19 pair of sheets 11 table cloths 10 towells 4 pillowbears 2 dozen &five napkins 1 ovale tte & 3 linnyne bags with peaces of old linnyne adozen pound of Tod & five pound of flax al l praised at –9 14s. 6d.
Item a pair of satten boddies lined with tafety & 4 peeces of tafetypraised at 2 s. 8 d.
Item in the corn lift 3 bushells & a half of wheat 5 bushells & a half ofmaslin nine bushell s of ? one steale mill 1 straw & hay 1 cradle 1 ?chair 7 pound & a half of feathers 2 spinnin g wheels 4 sacks & bags ahalf bushell a corn shovel a pair of skales with some old lumber all praised at –4 10 s. 9d.
Item one the ? the ? 2 handsaws 3 little chizells 2 hammers with somelittle ? lumber all prai sed at 2 s. 6d.
Item in the kitchen 47 pewter dishes one dozen and nine spoons & somebroken pewter two bras s potts two brass skillets six brass kittles & cop?of other brass 3 ? a gridiron and a drippi ng knife 2 pair of potangers airon to lay before the fire an old table & tressle some old ? w ith otherlumber all praised at –7 6 s. 1 d.
Item in the larder a boulting hutch a kneading trough one great boule apowdering trough powde ring tub 1 frying pan a plate a kever 3 tubbs & 3shelves with other lumber all praised at 2 3 s. 6d.
Item in the milkhouse 22 boules 3 trays 5 pails 1 butter churn 1 butterbasket ? of sack a sha ving boule an iron pan with some other things allpraised at –10 3 s. 9d.
Item in the buttery 4 tubbs 2 kilderkins a little pot of butter a pan oflard with drinking gl asses & some other final things all praised at 12 s.8 d.
Item in the cowhouse stable ? 4 racks with shand? 3 planks & other board& gransells ? sawe d 2 carts & 1 pair of wheels the harness belonging tothe carts with 5 prongs rake & other nes essary implements all praised at58 s. 8 d.
Item hay in the barn praised at 53 s. 4 d.
Item the dung in the yard the ashes tub some pots in the barn with otherwood about the hous e cheese press & a long saw all praised at 14 s.
Item five cows one bullock all praised at –20 13 s. 4 d.
Item one Mare praised at 20 s.
Item two hoggs praised at 24 s.
Item two acres of wheat praised at –10
Item six flitches of bacon praised at –4 3 s. 4d.
Item ??? praised at 7 s.
Sum Total –86 2 s. 10 d.
the mark of Richard Martyn
A true and perfect inventory of all the goods and chattels of ThomasHawthorne of Bray in th e County of Berks deceased praised by RobertHawthorn and Richard Deller this 13th day of Febr uary 1679.
– s d
Imprimis his wearing apparel 2 0 0
Item in the hall one table & joined stools one coubard 4 chaires a pairof andirons 2 pothange rs a gridiron a fire shovel & tongs a smoothingiron 2 shelves a pair of bellows
1 4 0
Item in the kitchen one table a setle one ould coubard a tumbrill a formea pair of andiron s 2 spits a brass pot 4 skillets a warming pan 4 brasskittles 2 skimors 2 candle sticks and f lagon 4 pewter dishes a still 2 6 0
Item in the sink house 2 cheesepresses 3 cheese fates with fallows 4buckets 4 tubs 5 kiver s 1 2 0
Item in the buttery 5 drink tubs a powdering trough a fate a stool milkstands a pitch kittl e and a pitchmark 1 5 0
Item in the axle chamber 15 bushels of apples a pair of hampers a chest 016 0
Item in the milk house 26 cheeses 6 shelves 6 milk pans 2 creaming potsone butter churn 2 tra ys a pair of scales 2 leather bottles 1 4 0
Item in the little buttery 2 benches 2 shelves 0 2 0
Item in the meal loft 3 chests a trunk 2 chairs a forme with a pair offlock cards2 spinning w heels a kneading kiver a meal tub 10 bushels ofbeans and peas 1 16 0
Item in the chamber over the hall one feather bed & boulster a coverlet ablanket a bedstead w ith curtens and vallens a trundle bedstead a coubarda round table a sword 4 0 0
Item in the ould chamber a court coubard a chair a table 4 chests a trunk3 blankets 4 pair o d sheets 3 table cloths half a dozen of napkin 4towels 2 0 0
Item in the low chamber 2 feather beds & boulsters one flock bed &boulster a high bedstea d a trundle bedstead and rugg 3 blankets 2 chestsa court coubard 2 joyned stools and leathe r chair 5 14 0
Item in martins barn half one bay of ? and some beans and peas 8 0 0
Item 5 loads of hay 5 0 0
Item in the barn at home one bay of wheat and maslin a screen a fann abushell and 6 forks 1 2 0 0
Item 4 horses 2 coults & horse harness 10 0 0
Item 5 cows 12 0 0
Item 105 sheep 23 0 0
Item one cart 2 plought and pair of harrows 3 3 0
Item 4 hoggs 6 0 0
Item 17 acres of wheat & maslin on the ground 21 10 0
Item one acre of lease hold land 10 0 0
? hibitum fuit hmoi Jnu ? ap?d Oxon Decam verili Acido Ricdo Witt legumBa tto surro XI : prim o die Marlii Ano Domini 1679 pro vero pleno acperfecto inventio bonor Thoma Hathorn per Thoma m Hathorn jun filium etAdmistratorem ouim bonor dict defuncti que hactenas x fub ptestaceo ta mende addendo li x soncessa suit Admio die & Anno supra script
The Accompt or declaration of the Accompt of Thomas Hawthorn the son -Administrator of all an d singular the goods chattels and credits ofThomas Hawthorne late of Bray - - - - within th e Arch Deaconry of Berksyeoman deceased intestate made and rendered of and upon his saidadmin istration and exhibited before the right Honourable W? Edward MasterDoctor of Laws & Officia l of the Arch Deaconry of Berks at a visitationheld on at Reading within the said Arch Deacon ry of Berks upon Friday the23rd day of April 1680
Imprimis This Accomptant chargeth her selfe with the goods chattels andcredits of the said de ceased as the same and praised or valued specifiedand contained in an Inventory thereof mad e and exhibited into theRegistry of the Arch Deaconry of berks amounting to the sum of
– 134 2s. 0d.
Whereof this Accomptant dischargeth himself and craveth allowance for thenecessary expences p ayments & charges as followeth (vist)
– s d
Imprimis for the funeral expences of the said deceased 4 0 0
Item for the debtors of Administration and exhibiting the inventory ?with the appraisers fo r 1 3 0
Item paid to Edward Nason due upon bond 10 6 0
Item to Mr George Cherry due upon bond 10 6 0
Item to Richard Exton due upon bond 15 18 0
Item to William Charlwood due upon bond 15 9 0
Item to John Smith due upon bond 20 12 0
Item to John Church due upon bond 10 12 0
Item to Elizabeth Houston due upon bond 10 6 0
Item to Humphrey Clark due upon bond 20 12 0
Item to William Pinnock due upon bond 10 6 0
Item to Mabel White due upon bond 10 6 0
Item to Elizabeth Banister due upon bond 10 2 0
Item to Stephen Fisher due upon bond 20 12 0
Item to Thomas Goodier due upon bond 10 0 0
Item to Anne Gayes due upon bond 15 18 0
Item to Hercules Aldridge due upon bond 15 9 0
Item to Robert Aldridge due upon bond 14 0 0
Item to Richard Usa due upon bond 10 15 0
Item to Abraham Spur due upon bond 10 6 0
Item for drawing the Account and pasting the same with the quill ? underseal 1 14 6
Sum Exposition 248 12 6
The Replication of Robert Wynche and Agnes his wife to the Answers ofThomas Hathorne and Joha n his wife
The said complaining for Replication sayen and only them sayeth that ? yeis that the said Ali ce Love in the bill and answer mentioned by her deedIndenture dated 24th day of October in th e year of the reign of the late? of famous memory King Henry viii th father to our Sovereig n Lord theKing that now is the 34th ? ? and to ? did let the said tenement andother the sai d lands and ? in the said bill and answers recited to thesaid John Pulney and to the said Joh an his wife to have to them and theirassigns from the date of the said Indenture unto the en d and time of 35years in manner and form as in the said Answers is alleged by force ? ofthe s aid John Pulney and Johan his wifes use thereof possessedaccordingly And after the said Joh n Pulney died after whose death thesaid Johan held her in the premises And thereof was lawful ly possessedaccording to the said lease And after the said Alice at East Oakleyaforesaid requ ested the said Johan that the said lease might be redeemedto whose request the said Johan agr eed And then and there the said leasewas redeemed And after the redeeming thereof the said Al ice Love said tothe said Johan that the said John Pulney her husband had made a longerlease A nd after wise then her meaning and mind was And that you knew verywell upon which words the s aid Johan affirming the said saying to be truethen and there in the presence of ? honest an d credible personssurrendered unto the said Alice all such interest right and title thatshe t hen had in the premises by ? of the said lease And then desired thatshe the said Johan migh t have and of the said closes parcels of thepremises during the years ? in the said Indentur e to the ? the said Alicethen and there agreed And there upon the said Johan faithfully promi sedto deliver the said Indenture and there and then in their presence thesaid Johan require d one ? ? gentleman then being present to draw and makefor her a lease of the close that sh e should have of the premisesAccording to the said agreement And the ? the said Alice enjoye d unto thepremises so to her ? And the issue and profits thereof coming peaceabletook durin g her life And after died of the premises seized after whosedeath the premises descended an d of right ought to descend to and come tothe said Agnes one of the complainants in manner an d form as in the saidbill of complaint is alleged And after the said Johan took to husband th esaid Thomas Hathorne one other of the defendants And further they answerall and every othe r thing and things in their said bill of complaintmentioned to be good and true without tha t the said Johan was possessedof all the premises according and by reason of her said lease a t the timeof the ? marriage with the said Thomas Hathorne Or that by reason of the? or ? th e said Thomas was or lawfully may be possessed of the wholepremises contained in the said bil l of complaint contrary to the saidsurrender and agreement in manner and form as is aforesai d Or that it islawful for the said Thomas to occupy all the premises and take theprofits ther eof Or that it is lawful for the said Thomas to keep the onepart of the said Indenture for an y interest or estate that they have inthe premises contrary to the said agreement And surrend er And for so ? asthe said defendings gave confession in their answers the having of theevide nces deeds charters writings an M? concerning the lands tenementsand hereditaments as specifi ed in the said bill the complainants praythat they may be compelled by the hands of this Hono urable Court todefend the same and the counter pane of the said Indenture together withsuch a nd charges as in the said complainants have ? by the with holdingof the same evidences and wi th / that any other thing material or in thelaw effectual in the said answers contained And n ot in this replication ?replied unto confessed ? ? ? ? all which matters the said complainan t isready to ? and ? as this Honourable Court shall award And ? ? ? ? ? ?
To the Right Honourable Sir Thomas Wriotheseley the Knight LordWroiotheseley and Lord Chancel lor of England
In most humble wise sheweth and complaining unto ye Good Lordship ye poorand daily Orator Rob ert Wynche and Agnes his wife daughter and heir ofone Alice Love of East Oakley in the paris h of Bray in the County ofBerks widow and deceased that when the said Alice in her life wasla wfully seized in her demesne as of fee by good and just title andlawful conveyance in the la w of and in ? lands and tenements lying andbeing in the parish of Bray aforesaid which do amo unt and extend to theyearly value of –10 5s. about and the so being seized of the premisesdie d seized after whose death the said lands and tenements and other thepremises descended and c ame and of right ought to descend and come untothe said Agnes one of the said beseachers an d daughter and next heir untothe said Alice have by such whereof the said beseacher enterin g unto thepremises and were seized in the demesne as of fee as in the right of thesaid Agne s and so it is Right Honourable Lord that ? deed evidenceescripte writing and m? conveying th e premises as casually come unto thehands and possession of one Thomas Hathorne and Johan hi s wife whobehaving of the said evidence deeds escripte writing and m? hath not onlyput out an d expulsed ye said Orator but also hath conveyed unto them the? estate of the premises to th e disinheriting of ye said Orators andutterly undoing for ever May it therefore please ye goo d Lordship of yourabundant goodness the premises tenderly considered to grant the Kingsgrac e writ of subpoena to be directed unto the ? of Thomas Hathorne andJohan his wife commandin g them and each of them personally to appearbefore ye good Lordship in the High Court of Chan cery at a certain dayand under a certain pain by ye good Lordship to be limited then and ther eto answer to the premises And further daily to pray to God for thepreservation and ? estat e of ye Honourable Lordship in honour long toendure
The answer of Thomas Hathorne to the bill of complaint of Robert Wyncheand Agnes his wife
The said Thomas Hathorne sayeth that the said bill of complaint is untrueuncertain insufficie nt and grounded in malice to the intent to put thesaid defendant to vexation trouble cost cha rge and loss of his good Andfor answer sayeth that the said bill of complaint is insufficien t in thelaw and he by no law compellable to make any answer thereunto for thesufficiency wher eof the said defendant prayeth that he may be dischargedand dismissed out of this Honourabl e Court with his costs and charges byhim sustained in this behalf
The ? of Thomas Hathorne and Johan his wife to the replication of RobertWynche and Agnes hi s wife
The said Thomas Hathorne and Johan his wife say that their answers istrue and certain supplem ent in the ? and ? only thing in the samecontained to be good and true without that the sai d Alice Love named inthe said replication requested the said Johan that the lands leased migh tbe redeemed unto her as is supposed in the said replication or that thesaid Johan agreed tha t the same should be redeemed which if she had doneit is not material or of any effect or pur pose sindication ? the saiddefendant concerning the ? ? in the said bill or that after the re deemingthereof the said Alice Love said to the said Johan that John Pulney herlate husband ha d made a longer lease and otherwise than her marrying and? was which if she was ? ? ? ? nor o f any office that the said Johan didaffirm the paying of the said Alice to be true or did sur render unto thesaid Alice all such right interest and title as she had in the premisesby virt ue of the said lease is by the said replication is supposed orthat the said Johan desired tha t she might have one of the closesspecified in the said bill during the year implied in the s aid Indentureand is untruly alleged in the said replication or that the said Johanpromised t o deliver the said indenture or lease or requested ? ? named insuch replication to make and d raw a lease for her of one close parcel ofthe premises specified in the said bill or that th e said Alice enteredunto the premises as is recited by the said replication ? which if she ?i t was by wrong by her done to the said Johan and without any good orlawful cause or title o r that the said Alice took the profits thereofafter the said supposed surrender during her li fe or died seized thereofas is untruly alleged in the said replication And ? that any other t hing? ? material in the said replication alleged and not leave sufficientlyconfessed and awar ded ? ? ? ? ? ? All which matters they be ready to addas this court will award and prayed a s they in their said answers prayedand to be dismissed with their costs and charges by them s ustained inthis behalf
To the Right Honourable Sir William Paulet Knight of the most HonourableOrder of the Garter L ord Saint John Lord Great Master of the Kingshighness household and Keeper of the Great Sea l of England
In most humbly wise sheweth and complaineth unto ye good Lordship ye poorOrator Robert Wynch e and Agnes his wife daughter and heir of one AliceLove of East Oakley in the parish of Bra y in the County of Berks widowdeceased that they the said Alice ? ? lawfully sealed ? by deme sne as offee by good and just title and lawful conveyance in the Law of and insome land s & ? that is to say ? called Usey closes containing 3 acres beit more or less and 13 acres o f arable land lying and being in EastOakley in the parish of Bray aforesaid which ? amount An d ? to the ?yearly value of ? and ? and she so being seized of this premises diedseized Afte r whose death the said lands and ? and other the premisesdistended and came and of right ough t to distend and come unto the saidAgnes one of ye said beseechers and daughters and next hei r unto the saidAlice Love by force whereas ye said beseecher entered into the premisesand wer e thereof seized in the demesne as of fee in the right of the saidAgnes and so it is Right Ho nourable Lord that due evidence deeds scriptswritings and m_ents concerning the premises bee n casually come to thehands and possession of one Thomas Hathorne and Johan his wife whobehav ing of the said said evidence deeds scripts writings and m_ents hathnot ? ? ? and ? ye said O rator from the possession of the premises buthath conveyed unto himself the sequested estat e of the said premises tothe disinheriting of ye said Orator and to their utter undoing for a ndunless ye save to them be shocked in this belief may it therefore pleaseye good Lordship o f ye ? goodness the premises tenderly considering to ?the Kings highness writ of subpoena per sonally to to be directed unto thesaid Thomas Hathorne and Joane his wife commanding them an d only of themto by virtue of the same to appear before ye good Lordship in the KingsHigh Cou rt of Chancery at a certain day and under acertain pain by yegood Lordship to be limited the n and there to answer to the ? and furtherto a ? ? order and ? therein as shall be thought b y ye good Lordship tostand ? right ? and good conscience and ye said Orator shall daily prayt o God for the preservation and ? estate of ye said honourable Lordshipin honour long to conti nue
1565 Jan 16 Hothorne Thos of E Okley parish Bray Administration
Grant of Administration on the estate of Thomas Hawthorne of East Oakley,parish of Bray Berks hire, dated January 16th 1565
To the Right Honourable Sir Thomas Audley Knight
Lord Chancellor of England
In most humbly wise complaining showeth unto your good Lordship your ?Orator Thomas Hawthorn e Joan his wife one of the cousins and heirs of Johan Chambers widow deceased sometime the wife of one William Chambers deceased John Garnon and Alice his wife the second and another of the cousins and heirs of the said Johan Chambers Thomas Martin and Agnes his wife the third and another of the cousins and heirs of the said Johan Chambers Thomas King and Isabel his wife th e fourth and another of thec ousins and heirs of the said Johan Chambers that whereas the said Johan Chambers in her lifetime was seized of and in one messuage one garden and60 acres of l and meadow and pasture within ? the parishes of Cookham and Bray in the County of Berks of a n Estate and fee by copyhold of court rolls and customs of the Manor and Lordship of Ivis plate in Maidenhead in the same County and the said Johan Chambers so being of the ? in suchform a s is afore declare seized afterwards died thereof accordingly of such estate seized after whos e ? the premises ? right title use possession and ? thereof ?? of right ought to defend ?? you r said Oratorsas is the right of the said Johan Alice Agnes and Isabel the wife of thesaid Hawthorne Garnon Martin and King your said Orators that is to say unto the said Johan Alice Agne s and Isabel as ? and next heirs of the said Johan Chambers that is to say daughters of Robert Chambers son of the said Johan Chambers and so ? as right Honourable Lord that ? evidence writing court rolls and copies of court rolls and m? concerning the right and title of your said Orators of and in premises and the ? conveyancing thereof ?? to the hands and possession o f William Chambers the younger Thomas Davy Jeffrey Holland and Johan his wife? ? William Chambers the younger by ? of having parcel of the said evidence writing and court rolland copies o f court rolls and m? and by ? Also that the said Thomas Davyand Jeffrey Holland and Johanna h is wife have ??? and caused to be ? ?and kept from the (n.b. various holes in parchment - signified as XX) ofyour said (XX) other part of the said evidence writings court rolls copies o f court rolls and m? hath (XX) all maintenance of the said Davy Jeffrey Holland and Johan hi s wife (XX) wrongfully ? ye said Orator from the possession thereof (XX) therefore and affect that your said Orator shath of and ? (XX) said William Chambers the younger Thomas Davy Jeffrey Holland and Johan his wife ? to make (XX) your said Orator ? of the saide vidence writing court rolls copies of court rolls m? (XX) to make unto your said Orator some reasonable recompense for the said issues and profits in form as aforesaid (XX) as your said Orator knoweth not the certain ? ? no certainty ? and evidence writing court rolls copies of court rolls and m ? ? ? been contained your said Orator therefore showeth? their ? for the ? of them by the order of the Common Law in ? whereof may ? ? ? ? ? good Lordship ? ? ? tenderly considered to grant unto your said Orators the Kings several writs of subpoena to be directed unto the said William Chambers the younger Thomas Davy Jeffrey and Johan his wife? ? commanding them and only o f them by the same ? aforesaid requiring ?in his High Court of Chancery at a certain day an d under a certain pain ?Lordship to be limited there and then to make answer unto the ? and further to ? ? all such further order formal injunction and decree in and concerning the premise s as by your said Lordship and the said ? shall therein thought most agreeable to right and good conscience And that at the ? of God and in the ? ?
Notes for JOAN POWNEY:
Joane Hawthorne of Bray
In the name of God Amen And 28th day of the month of June in the year ofour Lord God 1577 an d in the 17th year of the reign of our Sovereign LadyElizabeth of England France & Irelan d ? etc I Jone Hawthorne of Estookeley in the parish of Bray in the county of Berks ? being o f wholemind & in good and perfect remembrance ? and priased be unto Almighty Goddo make and o rdain this my perfect testementory
These following documents belong with Thomas Hawthorne, but would not fitin the FTM files an d have flowed over into those of his wife, Joane.
The Joint and several answers of Nathaniel Hawthorne and WilliamHawthorne defendants to the b ill of complaint of Richard Winchcomplainant pretended guardian of William Winch and others t he childrenof Joan Winch deceased
The said defendants of the said bill saving to themselves and at alltimes hereafter all advan tage and benefit of exception to the in andafter insufficiencies in law of the said bill fo r answer thereunto dojointly say and either of them for himself severally say as followeth An dfirst the said Nathaniel Hawthorne for his part sayeth that then saidJoan Winch deceased wa s in her lifetime seized of diverse goods andchattels amounting in the whole to the sum of on e thousand and ninetythree pounds five shillings four pence or thereabouts at the inventoryth ere made after the death of the said Joan by three indifferentappraisers may more plainly app ear but for that sum part of those goodsare already sold by this defendant and some other par t thereof was yet tobe paid by him this defendant sayeth that he cannot certainly set down ap articular several values of the corn cattle and other goods in the bill? And both these defen dants do further say that the said Joan Winch beingso thereof possessed as aforesaid did in o r about the month of Januarylast past in the said bills mentioned fall grievously sick and i n hersaid sickness did send for the said defendants William Hawthorne andNathaniel Hawthorn e to confer with them about the making of her last willand testament and the disposing of he r said goods chattels and personalestate At which time thereabout the said Joan Winch did spe ak of hereldest son William Winch should be her executor then he being under ageshould be ? t o prove her will by a guardian or words to that effectWherefore she being then of perfect mem ory and good understanding didentreat these defendants to be executors and the said defendan t WilliamHawthorne at the request of the said Joan then writ her last will andtestament and a fter he had by the direction and appointment of the saidJoan written and set down in the sam e will diverse legacies to her fivechildren in the said bill named That is to say There scor e and ten poundsa piece and other legacies bequeathed by the said will and to otherpersons am ounting in all to the sum of eight hundred twenty and threepounds thereabouts the said defend ant William Hawthorne did by the likedirection and appointment of the said Joan upon or abou t the twenty fifthday of January in the year of our Lord God 1618 and in the sixteenth yearo f His Majesties reign over this his Kingdom of England being the time inthe said bill mention ed truly ? and lawfully without any complication orforgery at all writ and set down in the sa id will in the name of the saidJoan this clause following (That is to say) Item all the resid ue of mygoods and chattels unbequeathed (my debts being paid my funeraldischarged and this m y last will and testament in all things dulyperformed) I do wholly give and bequeath unto Wil liam Hawthorne anNathaniel Hawthorne my brothers who I ordain and make the executors ofthis m y last will and testament Whereas ? was at the same time most trulyand sincerely by and wit h the direction and appointment of the said Joanwritten altogether by the said defendant Will iam Hawthorne in the lastill and testament of the said Joan by and with her perfect knowledge privy and consent and as for the true truth validity of the said will inthese the said bill s mentioned these defendants do say that the same willwas duly proved in the official court b y the testimonies of threesufficient witnesses that is to say William Mitklin William Winch a ndRobert Winch and they also say that about a day or two before the deathof the said Joan Win ch the said witnesses being set unto and requested tocome unto the house of the said Joan Win ch in Bray in the County of Berksall their coming unto her they found her very sick and lyin g in her bedin the upper chamber of her said dwelling house and at their being in thechambe r with her the said William Hawthorne one of the executors namedand set down in the said wil l and bring unto the said Joan Winch a willin writing which he then and there openly and dist inctly read unto herthe said Joan Winch in the presence sight and hearing of those witnesses a bove named and of the said Nathaniel Hawthorne the other executor named in the said will The w hich will after the same was read unto her the said Joan Winch she being asked by the said William Hawthorne whether the samewill so by him read unto her as aforesaid was set down and wri ttenaccording to her will and meaning She perfectly thereunto confirmed thatit was and shoul d stand and be her last will And then the said William Hawthorne asking her whether she woul d set her hand and seal unto the said will she perfectly answered Yea and raised herself and s at up in herbed and with her own hand did set her mark unto the said will whereaslaid upon ? before her and also she took of the seal which was set upon the same will and did deliver the same unto the said William Hawthorne and Nathaniel Hawthorne to keep for and as her last will and testament Atwhich time of the reading of the said will unto her by the said Willia mHawthorne and when she did acknowledge the same to be her last will andtestament and when sh e did set to her mark and take of the seal as beforesaid there were present with her the sai d William Mitklin who did set tohis mark as to witness and the said Robert Winch also did sub scribe hisname and the said William Winch too did set his mark thereunto And thesedefendant s being those executors in the will named were then and therealso present At which time and p lace of publishing the same will asaforesaid the said Joan Winch was in her perfect mind an d memory for shethen spoke sensibly and to all and knew those that were then there withher An d she being then requested by one of the said witnesses to rememberone Elizabeth ??yeser sor ? She perfectly answered that she the said JoanWinch was to pay her twenty shillings for a le gacy given her by hergrandfather which Robert Winch her husband (if he had lived) should have paid the said Elizabeth ? ? and that her executors should pay for thesame twenty shillings wh ich words were by her so spoken as aforesaidmouth after the signing and sealing of the said w ill as aforesaid afterwhich will so truly made and declared and published by the said JoanWin ch as aforesaid That is to say she next day at night after she thesaid Joan died after whos e decease the said defendant William Hawthornehaving (by reason of the ? that he ? and throug h which ensue upon thesaid will ) in die form of law recounted the said will in the OfficialC ourt before the Official of the diocese of Sarum the said otherdefendant Nathaniel Hawthorn e did thereupon in the same court on ? toprove the said last will and testament with the sai d true clause and hathpublished and still do publish the same (as the truth is) to be the tru eand the very last will and testament of the said Joan as in all otherparts so also in the sa id clause before particularly recited by virtue ofwhich will the said defendant Nathaniel Haw thorne claim to possess andenjoy all such benefit as is therein expressed he verily believin g thatthe very true meaning of the said Joan Winch was none other than was setdown and expres sed in her said last will as aforesaid And both thesedefendants do also say that the said Joa n Winch did ordain and appointthe said defendants to be executors of her last will and testam ent insuch sort as therein is set down ? and the said defendant WilliamHawthorne doth for hi s part acknowledge that he only out of his naturalaffection and good meaning towards his sai d sisters children and not byreason of ? speeches used by the said Joan herself to that effec t hathheretofore confessed that he had no meaning to make gain of his saidsisters goods and e states but intended to use and govern the same to thebest benefit of her children or words t o that effect And that thesedefendants do further say that they believe it to be true that th ere wasa suit against these defendants in the Spiritual Court of the County ofBerks and tha t the said defendant Hawthorne hath for just causes appealedfrom the sentence given in the Sp iritual Court into the Court of theArches in London which matters aforesaid being all that th e saiddefendants or either of them have done or caused to be done touching anyof the matter s in the said bill contained They do hope (tender the goodfavour of this most honourable cour t) that they have done nothing thereinbut what was lawful for them to do without that that th en said Joan Winchdied possessed of goods and chattels amounting in all to two thousand onehu ndred pounds or to any more than the aid same sum of one thousandninety three pounds one shil ling and four pence mentioned in the saidinventory to the knowledge of this defendants or eit her of them and didentreat the aid Joan to bestow upon these defendants ten pounds a pieceo r that she did will or declare that all her personal estate should begiven or left to her sai d children or otherwise then as in her aid willis set down but these defendants do say that s ome legacies were therebygiven to the children of Robert Winch her late husband three pound s tothe poor people of the parish of Bray where she died and diverse otherlegacies were als o hereby given wherein diverse other legacies thenformerly given by the said Robert Winch dec eased were included andwithout that these defendants or either of them did find the said Joan Winch in any part weak in her understanding or memory or did in any sortcombine or practice t ogether to produce or obtain to themselves a greatpart of the goods and chattels of the sai d Joan or to defraud thechildren of the said Joan thereof or that these defendants or eithe r ofthem did persuade the said Joan that it would be fittest for her to namethe said defendan ts to be the executors in such manner and form as is inthe said bill is supposed Or that to t he knowledge of these defendants oreither of them the true meaning or intent of the said Joa n Winch was anyotherwise then as in the said will is most truly set down and expressedor tha t these defendants or either of them did impudently or otherwisebeg of the said Joan the su m of ten pounds or the said complainant hathin the said suit (commenced in the said Spiritua l Court before theofficial of the county aforesaid) sufficiently proved that the saidclause w as inserted without any direction or appointment of the said Joanor hath proved that the mean ing of the said Joan was that the saidchildren and not the said defendant or either of them s hould have theresidue of the said goods and chattels but true it is that the saidcomplainan t hath obtained a sentence against the said defendant Nathanielto such effect as in the sai d bill is alleged and that any other matterclause thing or circumstance in the said bill cont ained material oreffectual in the law by these defendants or either of them to be answeredunt o and not hereby sufficiently confessed and avoided ? or denied istrue in such manner and for m was in the said bill is very untrulysurmised and as unto all and every the ? ? cumbrances d eceits fraudscorruption and other misfeasance whatsoever in the said bill containedand made t o the charge of these defendants or either of them andexaminable in this most honourable cour t these defendants do jointly andeither of them for himself severally sayeth that neither the y or eitherof them are or one of them a ? ? of them guilty in such sought manner andform as i n the said ill is most falsely suggested All which thesedefendants and either of them are an d is ready to answer and prove atthis honourable court shall award And do humbly pray be dism issed out ofthe same with their reasonable costs and charges in the law on thisbehalf most co njustly sustained
To ye Kings Most Excellent Majesty
Humbly complaining claimeth and informeth that you most excellent Majestyyour obedient and fa ithful subject Richard Winch of Reading in the Countyof Berks Clothier guardian of William Wi nch Richard Winch John WinchGeorge Winch Joan Winch and Judith Winch children of Joan Winch l ate ofBray in the County of Berks widow deceased That whereas the said JoanWinch deceased i n her life time was possessed of diverse goods andchattels that is to say of corn and grain a s wheat rye barley peasfetches? Beans and oats part whereof was growing upon the land which t hesaid Joan held in her occupation and part was in the barn house and reeksof the said Joan a mounting in all to the value of five hundred pounds atthe least And of horses kyne oxen shee p swine and other beast and cattleworth three hundred pounds And of plate rugs jewels brass p ewter bedslinen and other household stuff and utensils worth two hundred pounds Andof plough s carts harrows harness and other implements of husbandry worthone hundred pounds And of read y money five hundred pounds And ofobligations bills of debt and good debt to the value of fiv e hundredpounds all amounting to two thousand one hundred pounds of lawful moneyof England An d the said Joan Winch being so thereof possessed in or aboutJanuary last fell grievously sic k and in her said sickness sent for oneWilliam Hawthorne of Binfield in the County of Berks y eoman and oneNathaniel Hawthorne of Cookham in the said County yeoman to confer withthem abou t the making of her last will and testament and the disposing ofher said goods chattels and p ersonal estate and whereas ye full purposeand intent of ye said Joan Winch was and so she di d express to ye saidWilliam and Nathaniel that William Winch her eldest son should be soleexe cutor and albeit they did intreat her to bestow upon the said WilliamHawthorne and Nathanie l Hawthorne ten pounds a piece which she utterlyrefused to grant them and willed and declare d that all her said personalestate should be given and left to her said children saving onl y somesmall legacies to the children of Robert Winch her late husband thendeceased and some o ther small ? to the poor Yet nevertheless so it is ifit may please your most excellent Majest y that ye said William andNathaniel Hawthorne finding ye said Joan then to be extremely sic k andpast all hope of recovery and very weak in her understanding and memoryby violence of he r disease corruptly combined and unlawfully practicedtogether to procure and obtain to themse lves a great part of the goodsand chattels of the said Joan And to defraud the said childre n thereofand in execution of their said purpose and combination the said WilliamHawthorne an d Nathaniel persuaded the Joan that it would be fittest forher to name the said William Hawth orne and Nathaniel to be her executorsfor the better help and defence of the said children An d the said WilliamHawthorne took upon him to be the writer of the said last will andtestamen t of the said Joan And after he had written and set down somelegacies in certainty to the sai d children not amounting to half thepersonal estate of the said Joan or to very little more t han half and hadleft the residue amounting to one thousand pounds thereaboutsunbequeathed th e said William Hawthorne by the ? appointment and consentof the said Nathaniel Hawthorne an d by their mutual combination andconfederacy upon the seven and twentieth day of January in t he year ofour Lord and saviour Christ One Thousand six hundred and eighteen and inthe sixteen th year of your Highness reign over this Kingdom of Englandwithout any directions or appointm ent of the said Joan Winch now deceaseddid unlawfully forge corruptly contrive a fraud in th e name of the saidJoan a gift and bequest of all the residue of the goods of the said Joant o them the said William Hawthorne and Nathaniel Hawthorne and at thesame time did very falsel y forgodly unlawfully and corruptly without thedirection and appointment of the said Joan ins ert into the said last willand testament of the said Joan against her knowledge and without h erdirection and appointment these words following in the name of the saidJoan that is to sa y Item all the rest residue of my goods and chattelsunbequeathed my debts being paid my funer al discharged and this my lastwill and testament in all things duly performed I do wholly giv e andbequeath unto William Hawthorne and Nathaniel Hawthorne my brothers Afterwhich forgery a nd corruption done and committed as aforesaid that is tosay either the said day or the next d ay after the said Joan died andalthough the time meaning and intent of the said Joan Winch wa s to givenone of the said goods to the said William Hawthorne and NathanielHawthorne nor no t so much as the said ten pounds a piece before mentionedwhich they impudently begged of he r but that the said children shouldhave them all which the said William Hawthorne and Nathani el Hawthornehave also since confessed Yet in full accomplishment and consummation oftheir sai d forgery fraudulent practice and corruption the said WilliamHawthorne and Nathaniel Hawthorn e hath since the death of the said Joanproved the said last will and testament of the said Jo an in the saidforged clause inserted and have published and still do publish the sameto be th e true and the very last will and testament of the said Joan withthe said forged clause inser ted as in all other parts also in the saidforged clause before particularly recited and by co lor? Have claimed andyet to claim to possess and ? one thousand pounds worth of goods of thes aid Joan and albeit that your said subject in a suit against the saidWilliam and Nathaniel i n the Spiritual Court before ye official of theCounty aforesaid have sufficiently proved tha t the said clause wasinserted without any directions or appointment of the said Joan and that the meaning of the said Joan was that the said Children and not the saidWilliam Hawthorne an d Nathaniel Hawthorne or either of them should havethe residue of the said goods and chattel s and in the said suit hath hadsentence against them to that purpose and that they should no t claim orhold the said goods but only to the use and behest of the said childrenyet the sai d William Hawthorne and Nathaniel Hawthorne do still claim andhold the same as their own prop osing utterly to defeat the said childrenthereof and to that purpose have appealed from the s aid sontome unto thePrerogative Court of the Archbishop of Canterbury thereby this discon?Th e secret of their hearts and intentions albeit they sometimes pretendin words and that they w ill hand the said goods to the use of the saidchildren yet that they purpose to keep them t o their own use by color? Ofthe forgery and unlawful practice and misdemeanour aforesaid Al l whichforgery practice combination deceit fraud corruption andmisdemeanours??????? aforesai d are not only prejudicial to the saidchildren being poor orphans without father or mother bu t tend also to theill example and in encouragement of diverse other of your majestiessubject s to commit the like if some example exemplary punishment be notinflicted upon the said Willi am and Nathaniel Hawthorne for their saidoffences May it therefore please your most excellen t Majesty to grant toyour said subject on the behalf of the said poor orphans your Highnesses gracious writ of subpoena to be directed to the said William Hawthorneand Nathaniel Hawthorn e commanding them thereby at a certain day andunder a certain pain personally to be and appea r before your Highnessmost honourable Counsel in your Majesties High Court of Star Chamber at Westminster then and there to answer ye promises and to undergo suchpunishment for ye said of fences as to your Highness said Counsel shallseem fit to be inflicted upon such offenders an d your said subject andthe said poor children at by duty they are bound shall daily pray fory our Majesty in health and happiness long to live and reign
Child of THOMAS HAWTHORNE and JOAN POWNEY is:
5. i. WILLIAM5 HAWTHORNE, d. 1626.
Generation No. 5
5. WILLIAM5 HAWTHORNE(THOMAS4, THOMAS3, ROBERT2, JOHN1) died 1626. He married ANN PERKINS June 25, 1570.
Notes for WILLIAM HAWTHORNE:
Notes for WILLIAM HAWTHORNE:
Will of his uncle, Robert Hawthorne, bequeathed 40 pence
1626 Will. Bequeathed land and property to Anne, his wife during theterms of her life. Also m ade numberous bequests to his children,grandchildren and other family and friends. He left th e residue of hiswill to his wife and refers to the house he was living in as well as ahouse a t Binfield.
William Hawthorne 1626
In the name of God Amen The thirteenth day of September in the year ofour Lord God One thousa nd six hundred & twenty I William Hawthorne theelder of the parish of Bray in the county of B erks yeoman being inperfect memory (praised be God) do make & ordain this my last will &testa ment in manner & form following First I commend my soul into thehands of Almighty God my make r hoping assuredly through the only merit ofJesus Christ my saviour to be made partaken of ev erlasting life And mybody to be buried in the churchyard of Bray near unto the place where my father was buried Item I give unto Anne my wife for term of her life (ifshe remain so long un married) the use & occupation of this messuage &house with the appurtenances wherein I now dw ell, and likewise theoccupation of all my other lands & tenements lying in Bray aforesaid(exc epting the six acres of arable land which I purched of Robert Bishop)and also all the rents i ssue & credit thereof yearly arising (exceptingthe wood & underwood) so that she keep the hou ses and buildings in goodrepairs & do no manner of ? Also I give & bequeath unto the said Ann e mywife for term of her life sufficient hedgboot? to repair & maintain thefence & mend abou t the premises and also sufficient fuel & firewood forher own spending & timber for the repar ations of the house to be takenupon the premises at seasonable times Item I give & bequeath u ntoNathaniel Hawthorne my sonne ten shillings of lawful money of England tobe paid to him wit hin one year next after my decease Item I give andbequeath to every one of the five childre n of Joan Winch my daughter,that is to say Richard, Joane, John, George & Judith Winch five s hillingsa piece to be paid to every one of them one year next after my deceaseItem I give & b equeath unto Elizabeth Deller my daughter ten pounds oflawful money of England and to every o ne of her six children , Anne,Richard, Margaret, Elizabeth, Joane & Jane Deller five shilling s a pieceto be paid to every one of them within one year next after my deceaseAlso I give & b equeath unto the said Elizabeth Deller my daughter one sow& two ewes & lambs Item I give & be queath unto Mary Bishop my daughterten shillings and to her sons Robert & George Bishop fiv e shillings apiece to be paid within one year next after my decease Item I give &bequeath unt o Anne Winch my daughter ten shillings of lawful money ofEngland to be paid unto her within o ne year next after my decease Item Igive & bequeath unto William Hawthorn my son ten shilling s & to every oneof his five children, William, Anne, Joane, Elizabeth & Robert Hawthornefiv e shillings a piece to be paid within one year after my decease And Iwill that there be lef t as standard in and to the house wherein I nowdwell the glass upon all the windows about th e house, one cubbard, oneold table, one little forme, one settell, and all the benches, paint edclothes & backes of wainscott and the little settell by the chimney inthe hall, one fire ch est bound with iron, and one latten basin in theloft over the hall, one powdering trough wit h two bands of iron & onechopping block in the milkhouse All the scaffold in the applehouse o nemowlding board & one bynne to put meale in in the backhouse the mill andall things theret o belonging in the milkhouse All the kacke mangersplanks planchers and chaff? in the stable A ll the planks in the wheatbarn one ironed bedstead which standeth in the loft over the parlou r Andalso one settell of wainscott one table with tressells one forme with thebenches and bac k of wainscott in the hall at my house in Binfield Item Igive unto every one of my Godchildre n twelve pence a piece Item all theresidue of my goods & chattells unbequeathed, my debts an d legacies beingpaid, and my funeral expences discharged I give and bequeath unto Anne mywif e whom I make and ordain sole executrix of this my last will &testament And I appoint and ord ain my loving cousin William Montague ofBoveney and George Bishop my son in law to be oversee rs thereof giving toeach of them for his pains ten shillings In witness whereof I hevehereunt o set my hand & seal the day & year first above mentioned in thepresence of those whose name s are underwritten ?
William Hawthorne the elder
These are to certify the right worshipful Sir Henry Martin official tothe Arch-Deacon of Berk s or his deputy Mr William Martin or any other,whom it may concern, that Anne Hawthorne relic t widow and Executrix ofWilliam Hawthorne the elder of Bray in the County of Berks yeoman lat elydeceased hath taken her oath upon the testament upon thenty eigth day ofJune 1626 befor em e Edward Broughton vicar of Bray aforesaid deputed byauthority of Sir Henry Martin for this p urpose that this is the true andlast will and testament (which is hereunto annexed) of her hu sbandWilliam Hawthorne above named and lately deceased : And moreover thatthis Inventorie her eunto annexed is a true and perfect inventorie of alland singular the goods credits and chatt els of the said deceased so faras she knows and if hereafter any other goods etc. shall com e to herhands, possession or knowledge she will add them to this inventorie tomake it full an d perfect : and that she will truly execute and performthe said will and testament in payin g his debts and legacies so far ashis goods credits and chattels shall extend and as the la w shall testify
Bray June 28 Edward Boughen vicar of Bray
An Inventory of all & singular the goods chattells and debts of WilliamHawthorne late of Bra y in the County of Berks yeoman deceased taken &praised the two & twentieth day of June in th e year of our Lord God onethousand six hundred and twenty six by George Bishop John Lawrenc e &William Powney of Bray aforesaid yeoman
– s. d.
Imprimis his wearing apparrel 5
Item in the hall one table & frame one joined cubbard one desk two joinedstools three cushion s one bible with other books one pair of Tables sevenpictures with certain Flanders dishes 2 3 4
Item in the Parlour two tables with frames one carpit one joyned cubbardone court cubbard tw o chairs one forme six joined stools one picture onelivery bow & sheafe of arrows ten cushion s one pair of Andirons withcertain glasses & painted clothes 3 6 8
Item in the little buttery and the Entry adwynning thereunto four benches& shelves one cubbar d one halbert & one sword 10
Item one Muskett with the furniture 13 4
Item in the chamber over the hall one feather bed two boulsters twoblanketts one coverlet fou r pillows one flock bed & boulster one otherblanket & coverlet two bedsteads one presse cubba rdfour clothes one oldtrunkle one closestool one old chair 8
Item four & twenty pair of sheets fourteen table clothes, five dozen ofnapkins, eight pillowb eers, one dozen of handtowels, five cubbard clothes16 2
Item one dozen & a half of silver spoons 9
Item in money 30
Item in the chamber over the parlour, one joined bedstead, one cheste,one box, one court cubb ard, two low chairs 30
Item one feather bed & boulster, one pillow, one mat, one blanket, onecoverlet with curtain s and old painted clothes, one pair of bellows andone creeper 53 4
Item two pairs of woollen cloth and one pair of Lincewoolsea 3 9
Item in the maids chamber one old bedstead covered with a painted clothone flockbed, one feat her boulster, one blanket, one coverlet 18
Item in the lower chamber by the buttery one joyned bedstead, one courtcubbard, two settles , with some painted clothes 33
Item one feathert bed one feather boulster & pillow, one matt, twoblanketts, one coverlet an d one cubbard cloth 4 10
Item in the Great Buttery two stands, three kilderkinds, one verkin,three shelves, two benche s with some earthen vessells and lumber 13 4
Item in the loft over the Buttery one old bedstead, one flock bed, onestrawbed, two flock bou lsters, one blanket, one coverlet, one borde &pair of tressells, one skreene, one sidetable w ith the furniture, andsome old lumber 40
Item in the Smokeloft, three flitches of Bacon, and some lumber 20
Item in the kitchen, one little table, one dresser, two benches, oneforme, two shelves, one s traw chair, one other chair, three joynedstools, one stone morter, with dishes, trenchers, wo oden platters,earthen vessels, and some old lumber 13 4
Item five spitts, one pair of andirons, one iron to lay before the fire,three pothangers, on e iron pott, two pair of pothooks, two fire shovells,one pair of tongs, one fire fork, one gr idiron, one chafing dish, onetosting iron, one treffett, one pair of bellows, three shredin g knives,two dripping pans 22 6
Item in the kitchen, and the Brewhouse, two brass potts, one furnace,five kettles, one possne t, two chafers, one ashepan, one latten bason,four brasen candlesticks, one brass morter & ir on pestle, one lattenchafingdish, two brasen ladles, one warmingpan, two latten spoons, withs ome little pieces of brass 5
Item thirteen pewter platters, twelve pewter dishes, one bason, onecollinder, four porringers , one Still, two pewter chamberpots, one dozenof spoons, two pewter potts, four Salter with s ome old brass 55
Item in the bakehouse, one moulding borde, kneadingtrough, oneboultinghutch, one Binn, one sa fe, one shelf, otemeal box, three seves,one yeildfate, one mustardmill, one bench, with som e old lumber 20
Item two buckingtubbs, one meashing tub, two other tubbs, two grateboules, with other old tub bs, and some lumber 20
Item in the loft over the kitchen, five bushels of Maslin, two bushellsof maulte, one hoptubb , one shovel, with some lumber 26 8
Item in the wash house, one cheesepresse, one pair of scales, with aniron beam, one bushell w eight, one todd weight with diverse small scales& weights, and some old lumber 16
Item in the folkes loft, one old bedstead, one flock bed, two boulsters,three blankets, wit h some lumber 13 4
In the cheese loft, two cheesebords on tressels, twenty cheeses, onecheesewieght, one shelf , three wheels, two oasthears, with some beams,and old lumber 31
Item in the milkhouse, two powdering troughs, one brine tub, one churn,one tumbrell, one Ambr ye, one great blocke, two shelves, two benches, twodozen of bowls, five cheesefates, with pla nks, buckets, butter skales,earthen potts, & penches, some grease, with other implements belo nging toa milkhouse, & some lumber 3 9 8
Item in the Applehouse, one pair of hampers, one frame to wring crabbes,one candletub, one ca ndlemould, one old hogshead, a nest of Hitchells, achopping block, with certain wool, flax, b askets, old tubbs, stockcardes, old cradle, and other old lumber 40
Item in the Milkhouse, one maultmill, two mault baskets, six sackes, oneBrake for hemp, one o ld tubb 36 8
Item in the stable, one saddle, two pannells, two bridles, one pillian,with diverse cartharne ss, with some lumber 10
Item in the Workhouse, two iron crowes, one tenant saw, one whepsaw, withaxes, bills, hatchet s, iron wedges, handsaws, cheesells, mathooks,stowles, spades, rakes, forkes, ang?, old iron , working tools, and oldlumber 30
Item in the barns, one bushell, two fannes, eight prongs, with certainhay and straw 6 10
Item in the carthouse, one long cart, two dung carts, two pair of shodwheels, one pair of har rows, with iron chains, strads, ropes, & otherfurniture belonging to husbandry 3
Item six ladders, one barley kowle, with hurdles, pittroules, planks, andplanks ends, hogtrou ghs, old quarters, and other lumber 20
Item Timber, Bordes, Firewood, one grinestone, and certain dung 56 8
Item ten stockes, and swarmes of bees, with certain geese and poultry 41 4
Item ten kyne, four bullocks, two weaning calves 41 16 8
Item three mares, and one sucking colt 6
Item eleven sheep, and five lambs 3
Item five hogg, and five piggs 3 5
Item two acres of wheat and two acres of barley, upon the ground 8
Sum Total – 194 10 d.
The mark of John Lawrence
Notes for ANN PERKINS:
1626 Ann Hathorne of Bray
–169 5 s. 10 d.
In the Name of God Amen the 25th day of July in the year of our Lord Godand one thousand si x hundred and twenty six I Anne Hawthorne of theparish of Bray in the County of Berkshire wid ow being in perfect memorypraised be God do make and ordain this my last will and testament i nmanner and form following First I commend my soul into the hands ofAlmighty God my maker hop ing assuredly through the only merits of JesusChrist my Saviour to be made partaken of everla sting life & my body to beburied in the churchyard of Bray near unto the place where my lateh usband was buried Item I give unto the poor of the said parish of Braythree score dozen of br ead to be distributed by my executors at my burialItem I give and bequeath unto my eldest so n William Hawthorne the courtcubbard standing in my parlour with five cubbard clothes usuall y lying onthe cubbard there: one long cart two dung carts two pair of wheels withfurniture th ereunto belonging Item I give unto Elizabeth Deller mydaughter my bosee gowne & eight cher? I tem I give unto Mary Bishop mydaughter my best sadle cloth Item I give unto Anne Hawthorne my grandchild my now longest table cloth and one dozen of napkins & one pairof my best sheet s & two pair of towe sheets Item I give unto every one ofmy childrens children viz my grandch ildren that shall be living at thetime of my decease unto each of them a silver spoon of nea r 10 s. invalue execting my children who hath had spoons of me already Item I giveunto ever y other of my Godchldren 12 d. a piece Item I give unto my twoservants 5 s. a piece Item al l the residue of my goods and chattelsunbequeathed my debts paid my funeral discharged this m y last will andtestament inall things duly performed I do wholly give and bequeath untomy so n nathaniel Hawthorne & sons in law George Bishop Richard Winch &Richard Deller whom I do mak e and ordain joint executors of this my lastwill and testament In witnes swhereof I have here unto set my hand & sealthe day and year first above written
and sealed by the said Anne
Hawthorne in the presence of the mark of Anne Hawthorne
the mark of Nicholas Rither
The executors above named viz: Nathaniel Hawthorne, George Bishop,Richard Winch and Richard D eller have taken ther oath upon the testamentMarch 12 1626 that this is the last will and tes tament of of the abovenamed Ann Hawthorne deceased and that they will truly execute and perfo rmthe same to facts as the Laws of this estate require And moreover theyhave sworne that as f acts as they know and believe this is a trueinventory of all and singular the goods credits , and chattels of the ladydeceased: and if hereafter any other goods, credits or chattels o f thesaid deceased shall come to their hands or knowledge they will add thesame hereunto to w hich it is a full and perfect inventory March 12 1626Edward Boughen vicarius de Bray
An Inventory of all & singular the goods chattels & debts of AnnHawthorne late of Bray in th e county of Berks widow deceased taken &praysed twelfth day of February in the year of our Lo rd one thousand sixhundred and twenty six by William Powney and Richard Martyn of Brayaforesa id yeoman
– s. d.
Imprimis her wearing aparrell 5
Item in the hall one table frame one joyned cubbard two joyned stoolesand deske three cussion s one bible with other books one pair of tablesseven pictures with certain Flanders dishes 2 3 4
Item in the Parlour one joyned table & frame one carpitt two chayses sixjoyned stooles one pi cture ten cussions one pair of andirons with certainglasses one court cubbard 10 10
Item in the little buttery & the entry adjoining thereunto one cubbardone Holland one ? one p ot of honey one oatmeal ? 6 8
Item in the chamber over the hall one feather bed two boulsters twoblankets one coverlet fou r pillows one flock bed and boulster one otherblanket & coverlet two bedsteads one pressen bo rd two chests one clossestoole one old chayse 8
Item three & twenty pair of sheets thirteen table cloths eight pillowbeares six handtowels si x cubbard clothes five dozen of napkins 15
Item one dozen and seven silver spoons & five pounds in money & thirteenshillings due debts 1 5 5
Item in the chamber over the parlour one joyned bedstead one chest onebox one court cubard tw o lowe chares & three yards of linsywolsy 30
Item one feather bed & boulster one pillow one matt two blankets onecoverlet with curteynes o ne pairof bellows & one ? 53 4
Item in the maids chamber one old bedstead covered with a painted clothone flock bed and on e feather boulster one blanket one coverlet 18
Item in the lower chamber by the buttery one feather bed one featherboulster two pillows on e matt two blankets one coverlet & one cubbardcloth & one court cubard 4 10
Item in the great buttery two stands three kilderkins one verkin twobenches with some earthe n vessels & lumber 13 3
Item in the chamber over the buttery one old bedstead one flock bed onestraw bed two flock be dsteads one bound & pair of twessels one sidsaddleone screen and some old lumber & seven yard s of new woolen cloth 50
Item in the smokloft nine flitches of bacon & one breast of beef 4 10
Item in the kitchen one little table one old forme two shelves one starwchayre one other chay re one stone morter with dishes trenchers wooden &pewter and some old lumber 10
Item five spitte one pair of andironsone forme to lay before the firethree pothangers one rou nd pott two pairs of pothooks two fire shovelsone pair of tongs one firefork and gridiron on e chaffing dish one tostingiron one trest one pair of bellows three shredding knives two drip pingpans 22 6
Item in the kitchen the bruhouse two brass potts one furnisefive kittlesone postnet two chaff ers one ashe pan one latten ? four brasencandlesticks one brasen morter & iron pestle one lat ten chaffing dish twobrasen ladles one warming pan seven latten spoons with four little brass 4 10
Item thirteen pewter platters twelve pewter dishes one basen onecullander four porringers on e still two pewter chamber pots one dozen ofspoons two pewter pots four shalts? with some ol d pewter 55
Item in the bakhouse one keading trough one boulting hutch one safeoneyealdvat one mustermil l one bench with some old lumber 14 4
Item two bucking tubs one mashing tub two other tubs two great kiverswith other old tubbs & s ome lumber 13 4
Item in the loft over the kitchen twelve bushels of malt two bushells ofbeans one malt baske t & one malt shovel 35
Item in the washouse one cheese press one pair of scales with an ironbeam one bushell weigh t one Tod weight with diverse small scales & otherlumber 15
Item in the folkes loft one old bedstead one flock bed two boulstersthree blankets with som e lumber 10
Item in the cheese loft two cheese bords & tressels one cheese racke oneshelf three wheels tw o ? with some other lumber & 31 cheeses 30
Item in the Milkhouse one powdering trough one charne one tombrell oneambry two dozen of boul es six cheesefats with planks buckets butterbutterscales grease earthen potts ? with other im pellmints belonging tomilkhouse & some lumber 3
Item in the axle house one pair of hampeirs one frame to ring crabes onecandell tubb one cand ell mould one old hogsed or ? hatchill one choppingblock & certain Tod & yearn with basket st ockcardes old chradell & otherold lumber with apples 50
Item in the stable one saddle two bridles with diverse cart harness withsome lumber 10
Item Item in the workhouse two iron crowes two saws bills hatchets ironwedges mattocks chizel ls spades old iron ? towells & old lumber 20
Item in the barn one bushell two fanes eight prongs with certain ? sixsacks 5
Item in the cart house one long cart two dungcarts two pair of shodwheels one pair of harrow s ? & other furniture belonging to husbandry 3
Item timber boards fire wood one grinstone & certain dung 30
Item five stocks of bees 25
Item sixteen loads of hay 12 16
Item two acres of corn on the ground 4
Item three mares 6
Item five shoots 50
Item four hens & one roke cock 4
Item eight heifers and five bullocks 43
Item eleven sheep 3 6
Sum – 169 5 s. 10 d.
Richard Martyn's mark
More About ANN PERKINS:
Burial: December 02, 1627, Bray, England
Children of WILLIAM HAWTHORNE and ANN PERKINS are:
6. i. WILLIAM6 HAWTHORNE.
ii. JOAN HAWTHORNE.
iii. NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE, m. ANN LOGINS, December 26, 1612, Bray, England.
7. iv. MARY HAWTHORNE.
v. ANNE HAWTHORNE, m. WINCH.
8. vi. ELIZABETH HAWTHORNE.
Generation No. 6
6. WILLIAM6 HAWTHORNE (WILLIAM5, THOMAS4, THOMAS3, ROBERT2, JOHN1). He married SARAH.
Notes for WILLIAM HAWTHORNE:
Will of his mother, he was bequeathed various household and farminggoods. Described as his el dest son
Children of WILLIAM HAWTHORNE and SARAH are:
i. ANNE7 HAWTHORNE.
ii. EDMUND HAWTHORNE.
iii. ELIZABETH HAWTHORNE.
iv. GILBERT HAWTHORNE.
v. WILLIAM HAWTHORNE , MAJOR, d. Salem, Massachusettes, USA.
vi. JOAN HAWTHORNE.
vii. ROBERT HAWTHORNE, b. 1618.
Notes for ROBERT HAWTHORNE:
1618 Will of his grandfather, William, bequeathed to his son, RobertHathorne the younger' wh o was also his sole executor. His will mentionsno other person
In the name of God Amen I Robert Hawthorne of the parish of Bray in the County of Berks Yeoma n being sick of body but in sound and perfect memory praise be given to God for the same Do ma ke this my last will andtestament in manner and form following (that is to say) first and principally I resign my soul into the merciful hands of Almighty God myCreator assuredly trusting upon the merits of my blessed saviour toobtain remission of all my sins and my body I commi t to the earth whence it was taken to be decently buried at the discretion of my executorshere in after named And as for the Worldly Goods and Estate the Lord hathl ent me I dispose thereo f as followeth Imprimis I give and bequeath to myson Robert Hawthorne All that my freehold me ssuage or tenement situateand being in East Oakley in the parish of Bray aforesaid together with all my freehold lands thereunto belonging lying and being in the parishaforesaid to have and to hold to my said son Robert Hawthorne and hisheirs forever Item I give and bequeath to m y daughter Mary Hawthorne thes um of two hundred pounds of lawful money of England to be pai d her whenshe shall attain the age of One and Twenty years by my said son RobertHawthorne ou t of the Freehold Messuage and lands herein before to himbequeathed And it is my will and mea ning nevertheless that my saidfreehold Messuage and Lands herein before bequeathed to my sai d sonRobert Hawthorne shall be and remain to the use and ? of my loving wifeMary Hawthorne un til my said son Robert Hawthorne shall attain the age ofOne and Twenty years And all the res t and residue of my personal estategoods and chattels not herein before bequeathed after my d ebts andfuneral expenses discharged I do give and bequeath unto my dear andloving wife Mary H awthorne whom I do make sole executor of this my lastwill and testament Revoking all other wi lls by me heretobefore made InWitness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this thir d day ofJanuary Anno Dom One thousand six hundred and ninety eight RobertHawthorne
Signed sealed published and declared in the presence of John PaxtonRichard Winch William Dell er
Probate granted 28th November 1699 at London
7. MARY6 HAWTHORNE (WILLIAM5, THOMAS4, THOMAS3, ROBERT2, JOHN1). She married GEORGE BISHOP.
Children of MARY HAWTHORNE and GEORGE BISHOP are:
i. GEORGE7 BISHOP.
ii. ROBERT BISHOP.
8. ELIZABETH6 HAWTHORNE (WILLIAM5, THOMAS4, THOMAS3, ROBERT2, JOHN1). She married RICHARD DELLER..
Children of ELIZABETH HAWTHORNE and RICHARD DELLER. are:
i. MARGART7 DELLER..
ii. JOAN DELLER..
iii. ELIZABETH DELLER..
iv. JANE DELLER..
v. RICHARD DELLER..
vi. ANNE DELLER..
Our Hawthornes are descended from this family group. I am just not sure exactly how. I would appreciate assistance.
Descendants of Robert Hawthorne
Generation No. 1
1. ROBERT1 HAWTHORNE was born 1605 in Bray, Berks, England. He married UNKNOWN.
Children of ROBERT HAWTHORNE and UNKNOWN are:
2. i. JOHN (SR)2 HAWTHORNE, b. April 20, 1665, Bray, Berks, England; d. 1720, Surry, Va.
ii. SARAH HAWTHORNE.
iii. SARAH HAWTHORNE.
iv. MARGARET HAWTHORNE.
v. NATHAN HAWTHORNE, b. 1667.
vi. JOSHUA HAWTHORNE, b. 1669.
vii. SARAH HAWTHORNE, b. February 01, 1670/71.
3. viii. ROBERT HAWTHORNE, b. November 06, 1699.
Generation No. 2
2. JOHN (SR)2 HAWTHORNE(ROBERT1) was born April 20, 1665 in Bray, Berks, England1, and died 1720 in Surry, Va2. He married REBECCA Abt. 1700 in Virginia3.
Children of JOHN HAWTHORNE and REBECCA are:
4. i. NATHANIEL3 HAWTHORNE, b. 1705, Virginia; d. Surry, Virginia.
ii. JOHN (JR) HAWTHORNE, b. 17014; d. WFT Est. 1695-18095.
iii. PETER HAWTHORNE, b. 17036; d. WFT Est. 1695-18097; m. FRANCES?.
iv. JOSHUA HAWTHORNE, b. 17078; d. WFT Est. 1695-18099.
3. ROBERT2 HAWTHORNE(ROBERT1) was born November 06, 1699. He married MARY DELLER May 24, 1688 in Bray, England.
Notes for ROBERT HAWTHORNE:
1691--Will of his father, Robert the elder. He was bequeqthed all theGoods and Chattels of hi s father and was the only person mentioned in the will. He was also appointed sole Executor
1699--Will made bequests to his son Robert (Mesuage at East Oakley and all other lands in parish of Bray) and to Mary, his daughter (200pounds). The residue was left to his wife Mary. The y had 5 children, William Robert, Mary, Elizabeth and Richard. Shaun's wife is descended from Mary.
Children of ROBERT HAWTHORNE and MARY DELLER are:
i. WILLIAM3 HAWTHORNE.
ii. ROBERT HAWTHORNE.
iii. MARY HAWTHORNE.
Notes for MARY HAWTHORNE:
Shaun Morley's wife is descended
iv. ELIZABETH HAWTHORNE.
v. RICHARD HAWTHORNE.
Generation No. 3
4. NATHANIEL3 HAWTHORNE(JOHN (SR)2, ROBERT1) was born 1705 in Virginia10, and died in Surry, Virginia11. He married SUSANNA Abt. 1734 in Surry, Va.
Notes for NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE:
1 AUTH 1739-1778
Children of NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE and SUSANNA are:
i. ANNE4 HAWTHORNE, b. WFT Est. 1719-175912; d. WFT Est. 1731-184113.
ii. ROBERT HAWTHORNE, b. November 05, 173514; d. WFT Est. 1732-183815.
iii. SUSANNA HAWTHORNE, b. August 04, 1737.
5. iv. JOHN (SR) HAWTHORNE, b. October 29, 1740, Surry, Virginia; d. Aft. 1820, Wilkinson County, Georgia.
Generation No. 4
5. JOHN (SR)4 HAWTHORNE(NATHANIEL3, JOHN (SR)2, ROBERT1) was born October 29, 1740 in Surry, Virginia16, and died Aft. 1820 in Wilkinson County, Georgia17.
Children of JOHN (SR) HAWTHORNE are:
i. JOHN (JR)5 HAWTHORNE, b. WFT Est. 1761-179018; d. WFT Est. 1766-187219.
ii. NATHANIEL HAWTHORNE, b. WFT Est. 1761-179020; d. WFT Est. 1767-186921.
iii. WILLIAM HAWTHORNE, b. WFT Est. 1761-179022; d. WFT Est. 1767-186923.
6. iv. JOSHUA HAWTHORNE, b. January 15, 1776, Robeson, NC; d. November 29, 1836, Bellville, Conecuh County, Alabama.
7. v. KEDAR HAWTHORNE, b. May 15, 1797, Robinson, Co., NC; d. August 28, 1877, Greenville, AL.
Generation No. 5
6. JOSHUA5 HAWTHORNE(JOHN (SR)4, NATHANIEL3, JOHN (SR)2, ROBERT1) was born January 15, 1776 in Robeson, NC, and died November 29, 1836 in Bellville, Conecuh County, Alabama. He marriedREGAN August 15, 1793, daughter of RICHARD REGAN and CATHARINE.
Notes for JOSHUA HAWTHORNE:
1 AUTH lived in Ga. til 1817 moved to Conecuh Co.
1 AGNC Lived near Belleville
1 DEST 1854 moved to Pine Apple, Ala.
1 MEDI Democrat, Baptist deacon
History of Conecuh:
Shortly after Mr. Autrey's removal to Conecuh, there came from NorthCarolina three gentleme n whose names were Thomas Mendenhall, EliMendenhall, and Reuben Hart. The first of these est ablished himself atthe spot now known as the Old Savage Place, on the road running fromBellvi lle to Evergreen. Mr. Hart located very near the present residenceof Dr. L. Shaw. Early i n 1817, the population of Bellville, which thenboasted of the name of "The Ponds," from the l akes which existed near,was increased by the emigration of Joshua Hawthorne from WilkinsonCou nty, Georgia, to South Alabama. He pitched his family tent in thevirgin forests near the hom e of the late Henry Stanley surrounded by noother elements of civilization than those alread y named.
As each emigrant would take up his abode in this land of teeming beauty, he would cast bout hi m for the most favorable location, and one best suited to the interests of his future residence. In order to fix the title of what was then known as the Emigrant's Claim, the early pioneers would select the tract or district best suited to their tastes and would proceed to indicate their title to permanent tenure by girding a fewtrees, with impressions cut in the bark, an d by laying somewhere upon land desired, the first four logs of a building. This was a monument of posession, and was sacredly respected by the early settlers. The man whowould dare disregard this asserted claim, was branded a rascal outright,and incurred the loss of public confidence and esteem.
History of Twiggs County lists John Hawthorne as a Revolutionary Soldierwho accepted a land g rant in Georgia. Joshua Hawthorn is listed as aprivate who was ordered to the frontier of Tw iggs County for the protection of the inhabitants and for the erection of a fort calledTelfai r (9August-13September, 1813).
Conecuh did not become a separately organized county until January,1818. Prior to this tim e it was embraced within the limits of Monroecounty, which then embraced an extensive tract o f territory, extendingfrom east to west, from the Chattahoochee to the Alabama. But after th eorganization of Conecuh into a county, it was bounded on the west byClarke Montgomery counti es, on the west of Clarke and Mobile, on the eastby Georgia, and on the south by Florida--the n a Spanish province.Richard Warren became the first representative of the county in theTerri torial Legislature, which met then at St. Stephens in Washingtoncounty. Ransom Dean (brother -in[-law to Col. J. R. Hawthorne), was thefirst sheriff, and by virtue of his office, was ta x assessor andcollector, as well. Joel (the father of Rev. David Lee), was the firstjustic e of the peace appointed in Conecuh. He was appointed by Gov.William Bibb.
For a long time after the settlement of this portion of Alabama, the inhabitants had to adopt for their highways the beaten trails of the Red Man, which threaded the forests in all directions, and led through the dense cane that skirted the streams at the only points where it could bepenetrated, and where the streams themselves could be forded. To form some estimate of t he density of these brakes, which prevailed with uniform inpenetrableness along the banks of a ll streams alike, the present inhabitant of Conecuh has only to be told the following anecdote :On one occasion a gentleman living near Burnt Corn, Captain Hayes, accompanied by his young friend, Jere Austill--afterwards celebrated because of his connection with the famous Canoe Fight--was traveling in lower Conecuh, exploring the fertile lands which lie long Murder Creek. Returning after nightfall, they attempted to cross Bellville branch, just where the road now crosses between the village and the house of James Straughn, and became entangled in the glade of cane. After wading through the mud for some time, and finding no relief, in their perplexit ythey set up a yell of distress, which was promptly answered by Joshua Hawthorne, who hastened to their relief with several negro men, bearing lighted torches, and extricated them.
Notes for SARAH REGAN:
Sarah Regan was born 10 Feb 1777. Sarah died 23 Dec 1857 in Wilcox County, AL, at 80 years o f age. Her body was interred in Belleville Co., AL. She married Joshua Hawthorn 15 Aug 1793 . Joshua was born 15 Jan 1776. Joshua was the son of John Hawthorn, Sr. and ? ?. Joshua die d 19 Nov 1836 at 60 years of age. His body was interred November 1836
Children of JOSHUA HAWTHORNE and SARAH REGAN are:
i. JOSHUA R.6 HAWTHORNE.
ii. THOMAS JEFFERSON HAWTHORNE.
iii. GEORGE WASHINGTON HAWTHORNE.
iv. JAMES MADISON HAWTHORNE.
v. SARAH HAWTHORNE.
vi. MARTHA HAWTHORNE.
vii. POLLY HAWTHORNE.
viii. CATHERINE HAWTHORNE.
ix. KEDAR HAWTHORNE, b. January 1797; m. MARTHA BAGGETT.
x. JOSEPH RICHARD HAWTHORNE, b. March 08, 1805, Robinson County, N.C.; d. Pine Apple (Belvile), Wilcox County, Alabama; m. (1) PATIENCE ELIZABETH KING; m. (2) HARRIET HERBERT , MOBILE; m. (3) SARAH C. KING.
Notes for JOSEPH RICHARD HAWTHORNE:
1 AUTH moved to Conecuh County, Alabama
1 AGNC moved to Pine Apple, WilCox County, Alabama
1 DEST deacon, member of Baptist Church
Will of J.R. Hawthorne
State of Alabama
County of Wilcox In the name of God--AMEN
I, Joseph R. Hawthorne, knowing that it is appointed unto all men once todie, and being old a nd weak of body, but of mind and memory perfectlysound, do make this my last will and testame nt.
First of all I commit and commend my soul to God, who gave it, and mybody to the dust from wh ence it was taken.
In consideration of the fact that my two daughters Cassie E. Hawthorneand Laura W. Powell hav e remained with me, and done, as I believe, all intheir power to protect and promote my inter est and cheer, and comfort mein my declining years, I give and bequeath to my two said daught ersCassie E. Hawthorne and Laura W. Powell, my homestead, consisting of myresidence and 80 ac res of land. The said 80 acres of land consisting ofthe 40 acres of land on which my said res idence and the buildingsconnected therewith are located, and the other 40, being the 40 acres lying immediately north of, and being adjoining to the first named 40,being the same 40 on wh ich the Baptist Church is located, together withall my household furniture of every descripti on, and my buggy or carriageI may have on hand at the time of my decease. To have, tohold t o use; tocontrol the said residence, furniture and lands as to them may seembest, so long a s they remain single and in the occupation of the same.But if either of them should marry, mo ve off of or in any way abandonsaid premises the rights hereinbefore given shall be forfeite d as to theone so marrying or leaving, and immediately vest in the one remaining,who shall ex ercise them exclusively and solely. But if both of themshould marry, move off, or abandon th e said premises then and in thatevent the said premises and effects shall be rented out for f ifteenconsecutive years from the date of my decease, and the annual proceedsthereof be annual ly and equally divided among my heirs. But unless forthe causes hereinbefore enumerated my tw o said daughters are not to bedisturbed in their possession, use and control of said premise s as longas they may live. But if both of my said two daughters should die, at theexpiratio n of the aforesaid period of fifteen years, then the propertyboth real and personal aforesai d should pass to my executors and be soldand the proceeds thereof be equally divided among m y heirs. But untilthat period of event my homestead shall remain and be kept in the familyfo r the comfort of my children.
I give to my daughter-in-law Hannah J. Hawthorne, widow of my son JoshuaR. Hawthorne, for th e use and comfort of herself and her children, theoffspring of my said son, the house she no w occupies and the landshereinbefore described, with the garden and yard attached thereto, th eprivilege of taking from the timber on said lands firewood for homeconsumption, and for repa irs for said premises, also the privilege ofclearing around said residence four or five acre s of said land. But nomore. To have, to hold to use and control the same until the youngest o fher said children, the offspring of the said Joshua R. Hawthorne, shallbecome fifteen year o f age. But if before the period named shall havearrived, she remarries or moves off or abando ns said premises, sheforfeits all the rights hereinbefore bequeathed and the said premisessha ll at once pass to my said executors and be rented out, and theproceeds thereof, as fast as t hey accrue to be applied to my debts, ifany, or be equally and annually divided among my heir s.
If my daughter Annie E. Crinn should desire to build and live on thelands hereinbefore descri bed, I give her the right to do so. She and hertwo said sisters, Cassie and Laura agreeing a s to the particular piece ofsaid lands she shall locate on and the extent of her possession . I giveher the use, possession and control of the same as long as she remains awidow and res ides thereon. But if she should marry or abandon or move offsaid premises as she forfeits he r rights to the same unless she and hertwo said sisters Cassie and Laura should agree otherwi se. But her twosaid sisters must pay her a fair value for any improvements she may puton sai d premises and interest on her money so invested. If either of mytwo daughters Emma Ramsey o r Sarah Harris, should become widows, anddesire to build and live on the lands hereinbefore d escribed, I give themthe right to do so, with the rights and privileges, and on the samecondi tions to do so, with the rights and privileges, and on the sameconditions as are given and pr escribed in the case of my daughter AnnieCrinn.
It is my desire that all my honest debts & property, other than thathereinbefore named and be queathed, shall be sold and the proceeds thereofbe applied to the payment of my honest debts . If the proceeds thereofdoes not pay them, then my executors will sell off my real estate wh atmay be necessary for that purpose.
After setting apart the property hereinbefore bequeathed to my daughterCassie and Laura and p aying off all of my honest debts, my executors willlay off my real estate into parcels as nea rly equal as possible and myheirs draw for them. The lands given to my two said daughters ar e not tobe included in parceling, but my two said daughters are entitled to andmust have an e qual share in the drawing.
If my son, J. R. Hawthorne should desire to build and live on myhereinbefore described homest ead lands, I give him the right to do on thesame terms and conditions as in the case of Anni e E. Crinn. In the caseof any improvements being made on said lands and afterwards abandoneds aid improvements will be rented out by my executors, and the rentsannually and equally divide d among my heirs.
It is my will that my estate shall be administered outside of the Probatecourt, and that th e costs of administration shall be equally dividedamong my heirs any and all other legitimat e costs of winding up myestate, shall be so assessed and paid first.
I nominate and appoint my daughters Cassie E. Hawthorne and Annie E.Crinn and my friend Josep h E. McWilliams as my executors, without bondand with full powers to execute the provisions o f this my Last Will andTestament. J.R. Hawthorne.
From History of Conecuh:
J. Richard Hawthorne is a native of Robinson County, North Carolina,where he was born March 8 th 1805. Five years later, his father removedwith his family to Wilkinson County, Georgia. He re the family resideduntil 1817, when they removed to Conecuh County. The first place ofperma nent residence was near the home of the late Henry Stanley, now inthe beautiful little villag e of Bellville. Here was pitched the familytent when Richard was a bright boy of twelve summe rs. At the time of thesettlement of this locality it was known at the time of the settlemen t ofthis locality it was known as "The Ponds"--a name derived from theextensive lakes which l ay to the east of the community. Highly giftedwith native powers, mental and physical, Mr. Ha wthorne's influence wasfelt as he advanced toward Hawthorne's influence was felt as he advanc edtoward the period of manhood's perfect mould. He was equal to thehardships incident to a fr ontier section, and from straitenedcircumstances he rose to the possession of considerable we alth. In 1837Mr. Hawthorne was the nominee of his (the Democratic) party, against avery formi dable opponent, Jeptha V. Perryman. And though he belonged tothe minority party of the county , his popularity came well nigh securingfor him the laurels of the contest. For when the ball ots were counted hecame within seven votes of victory. No man who has ever lived in Conecuhex erted a broader or more wholesome influence, than did J. RichardHawthorne. His zeal in all ma tters relating to the public weal wasproverbial. He occupied several positions of public trus t before hisremoval to another section. In 1854 he removed to Pine Apple, WilcoxCounty. Her e his influence was not inactive, and soon public appreciationsummoned him to active usefulne ss. He was sent to represent the county intwo terms of the legislature, and has been frequent ly called upon to actin matters requiring calm and dispassionate consideration. He has reared a large and respectable family, and accumulated considerable property. Hestill lives to wiel d a godly influence in the promotion of the generalgood. Generous, hospitable as a prince, wa rm-=hearted and publicspirited, and above all, a devout Christian gentleman, his usefulness i sdestined to be commensurate with his days.
...Nullification struggle, it was destined to be followed within a fewyears, by a discussion , the excitement of which, if it did not equal theintensity of the former, it exceeded it i n general interest. This was thediscussion of the great Bank question. A subject so important , and ofsuch popular interest, touched all classes of persons alike. In the midstof the stern ness displayed by President Jackson, which unpoised thefinancial system of the whole country , producing a serious crash in 1837,Thomas H. Benton, Senator from Missouri, urged the adopti on of a gold andsilver currency, as the true remedy for the embarrassments of the times.Thi s financial question drew the line of demarcation very broadly andclearly between the two exi sting dominant parties--the Whigs andDemocrats--the former of whom opposed the measure sugges ted and advocatedwith so much power by M. Benton, while the latter, with heartiness,adopted t hem. The two parties became very pronounced in the enunciationof their respective views. Thi s period witnessed the first politicalcontest, upon clearly defined party issues, that was ev er had in thecounty of Conecuh. True, divergent views had been held by her peopleprior to thi s time, and minor differences had been expressed in a feebleway; but now excitement ran high , and the respective parties rallied anddrilled their forces for a hot contest at the ballo t box. They selectedtheir candidates for the Legislature the Democratic nominee being J.Richa rd Hawthorne, and that of the Whig Party being Jeptha V. Perryman.Because of his enthusiasti c advocacy of hard money principles, Mr.Hawthorne won from his opponents the sobriquet of "Th e Benton Mint DropBoy." After a thorough and exciting canvass of the county, the electionresu lted in the choice of Mr. Perrymen by just seven votes. Thiselection, for a time put a quietu s upon the county, the Whigs beingexhilarant over their victory, while the Democrats were enc ouraged torenew the contest, by the fact that they came so near of success. At thisperiod o f the county's history, public attention was diverted to a moreserious question than that whi ch agitated the people at their homes--thiswas the outbreak of hostilities on the part of th e Indians. The policy ofthe government of removing them from their old abodes, which wasinsti tuted in 1832, had met with resistance almost everywhere. Both alongthe Chattahoochee and i n Florida, there were hostile demonstrations. Acall was made for troops, and in response, Cap tain Bell of Bellville,raised a company and went to Georgia. Of those who were members of tha tcompany, the names of none can be secured, except those of AbsalomAutrey, Pinckney Straughn , and Madison Crosby.
Conecuh did not become a separately organized county until January, 1818.Prior to this time i t was embraced within the limits of Monroe County,which then embraced an extensive tract of t erritory, extending from eastto west, from the Chattahoochee to the Alabama. But after theorg anization of Conecuh into a county, it was bounded on the north byMonroe and Montgomery count ies, on the west by Clarke and Mobile, on theeast by Georgia, and on the south by Florida--th en a Spanish province.Richard Warren became the first representative of the county in theTerr itorial Legislature, which met then at St. Stephens in WashingtonCounty. Ransom Dean (brother -in=law to Col. J.R. Hawthorne), was thefirst sheriff and by virtue of his office, was tax as sessor andcollector, as well. Joel Lee (father of Rev. David Lee), was the firstjustice of th e peace appointed in
History of Pine Apple, Wilcox County, Alabama, p. 79.
The Hawthorne family was a true pioneer family in Pine Apple. In fact,the Reverend Kadar Hawt horne organized the Friendship Baptist Church in1825 and the nearby Fellowship Baptist Churc h in Mount Moriah in 1828. Webelieve, based on early observation, that Reverend Hawthorne don ated theland for the church and the cemetery across the road. A relative, ColonelJ.R. Hawthor ne, donated land to former black slaves in 1869. It becameknown as the Arkedelphia Baptist Ch urch. Kadar Hawthorne's son, Boardman,was ordained in the Friendship Baptist Church, and fo r may years servedwith distinction as pastor of the Brooklyn, New York, Baptist Church.
The Hawthorne family was related to the Crum, Ramsey, McCreary andStallworth families. They w ere prominent in their social, professional,and civic activities. Ada Sue Hawthorne and her n iece Gladys, were bellesof the 1900 01929 era. Ada Sue married Dr. J.O. Tucker, Pine Apple'sb eloved dentist for many years. This couple entertained the college crowdalong with their olde r friends from Pine Apple, Greenville, Monroeville,and Camden for many years.
"Miss" Ada Sue was widely traveled and her parties would rival those ofthe large cities. Dr . Tucker and Miss Ada Sue used extensive lighting ontheir beautiful grounds during the Christ mas holidays. The young adultsalways caroled here each Christmas as they began their traditio n ofcaroling the aged and the infirm of the town. Caroling to "Miss" Ada Sueand Dr. Tucker w as an expression of joy and thanks for the generosity ofthis fine couple. "Miss" Ada Sue's br other, Walter, was a debonairvisitor as was her nephew, Dr. Julian Hawthorne. Julian Hawthorn ereceived his medical education both in the U.S. and abroad. He became awell-known obstetrici an in Rye, New York, a Westchester suburb of NewYork City near Greenwich, Connecticut. A memb er of the exclusiveWestchester Country Club as well as several yacht clubs of Long IslandSoun d, Julian never forgot his Pine Apple roots. He restored theHawthorne mansion to its former g lory, restocked it with perhaps the mostbeautiful antiques in that part of the state, and vis ited it often afterhis sister, Gladys Hawthorne Whitaker, made it her home. He loved to hunta nd often brought his friends from the Rye area down to hunt where hehosted game dinners. Alth ough a Roman Catholic, he contributed generouslyto the Friendship Baptist Church begun by on e of his ancestors in 1825.
The Hawthorne family in so many ways left their stamp on their belovedcommunity.
Hawthorne House, a beautiful southern antebellum mansion, was built byColonel Joseph Richar d Hawthorne in 1852. The house is constructed ofheart pine and it rests on 56 foot long sill s of hand hewn pine logs. Themansion's facade is graced by square columns, a lower portico an d balconyof identical proportions and entrance ways using three large doors, onthe first floo r the doors are flanked by full size windows and adornedwith a graceful fanlight which was im ported from England. The lower floorplan consisted of a wide central hall dividing four larg e rooms; theparlor and dining room connected by broad sliding doors. ColonelHawthorne owned l arge plantations in Conecuh and Wilcox counties. He wasborn in 1805 and died in 1889. He wa s married three times, his first twomarriages were to the King sisters in Mobile, Alabama an d his thirdmarriage was to Mrs. Herbert, a widow and guardian of her two grandsons,John Herbe rt and Rollin Kelly. The two boys lived at Hawthorne Houseduring their childhood. Rollin die d at an early age. John Herbert left at17 years of age to attend West Point. When the War Bet ween the Statesbroke out, he left West Point to join the Confederate Army and became theSouth 's youngest General. He was killed at the battle of Franklin,Tennessee, at the age of 24.
The house and property was out of the Hawthorne family for a number ofyears
In 1935, Mrs. Gladys Hawthorne Whitaker and her brother, Dr. JulianHawthorne, a noted New Yor k physician, retrieved ownership of theproperty, restoring the house and grounds to their ori ginal beauty. Mrs.Marie Bankhead Owens, director of the State's Archives and HistoryDepartmen t requested that it be made a historic shrine in 1947. Mrs.Whitaker died on November 25, 198 0 and the house is now owned by Dr. andMrs. Edward Childs of Mobile, Alabama.
short biography of Joseph Richard Hawthorne (above) is included in theHistory of Conecuh (Co unty, Alabama). His family settled first inBellville where they pitched the family tent whe n Richard was twelve.He was the nominee of the Democratic Party in 1837, then the minoritypar ty. He came within seven votes of victory. In 1854 he moved to PineApple, Wilcox county . "Here his influence was not inactive and soonpublic appreciation summoned him to active u sefulness. He was sent torepresent the county in two terms of the Legislature..." Hawthorn e wassuch an advocate of hard money (gold and silver currency) he won from theopposition th e nickname of "The Benton Mint Drop Boy." The ferventnational debate continued.
"He has reared a large and respectable family, and accumulatedconsiderable property..." "Gen erous, hospitable as a prince,warm-hearted and public-spirited, and above all, a devout Chris tiangentleman, his usefulness is destined to be commensurate with his days."
J. Richard Hawthorne was one of the largest landowners in Wilcox Countybefore the War.
This branch of the Hawthorne family originates in Berks Bray, England asdid the New England H awthornes, made famous because of their role in theSalem Witch Trials. The origins of the Ne w England Hawthornes is relatedin The Hawthornes written by Vernon Loggins and published by G reenwoodPress, New York, 1968. LDS files mention a Robert as one of the childrenof an ancest or of the New England branch. One might presume arelationship to the common ancestor who est ablished the inn at the footof Hawthorne Hill on the ancient road between London and Oxford . Thesign of the inn known as the Woodman showed a green-coated forester, axeraised about t o chop into the trunk of a great gray oak. NathanielHawthorne related the oral tradition o f the legend of recovered Romantreasure by the humble innkeeper and ancestor of these Hawthor nes in "AnOld Woman's Tale".
Letter from: Richmond, Virginia, February 4, 1902
J. R. Hawthorne, Pineapple, Wilcox County, Alabama
Dear Cousin Dick:-
It is probable that the land you refer to belongs to the heirs ofNathaniel Hawthorne who die d near Orange Lake, Florida more than fiftyyears ago. Some of his family livd in the same vi ciity until thebeginning of the wr. They went into the army and served in Texas. Thesefact s I learned from the Hawthorne family now living at Hawthorne,Florida. They are very distan t relatives of ours. Uncle nathaniel andmy father were in the U. S. service in 1817. They f ought the Indians inFlorida. I think Uncle Nathaniel was also in the army during the War of1 812. My father received a land warrant which i think my brother,General Hawthorne, located i n Texas and afterwards sold the claim. Itmay be that Uncle Nat's warrant was located also i n Texas and that thelands have never been sold. This is all the light that I can throw upont he problem.
Do not think that I have ceased to be interested in my kins folk inWilcox. It would be a gre at pleasure to me if you would write meoccasionally about them. I am longing for an opportun ity to make you avisit. Write me about Cousin Sue, your children, Cassie and Emma andLaura , and about Old Friendship Church. Some of the sweetest memories ofmy life cluster about th e site on whih it stands.
Owned famous Hawthorne home in Pine Apple AL built in 1852
7. KEDAR5 HAWTHORNE(JOHN (SR)4, NATHANIEL3, JOHN (SR)2, ROBERT1) was born May 15, 1797 in Robinson, Co., NC24, and died August 28, 1877 in Greenville, AL25. He married MARTHA BAGGETT 1825, daughter of ABRAHAM BAGGETT.
Notes for KEDAR HAWTHORNE:
Dictionary of Alabama Biography, Owens, p. 774-5
Baptist minister, was born in January, 1797, in Robinson County, N.C., and died in August, 187 7, in Greenville. He moved to Alabama in 1817,and settled in Conecuh County. Six months aft er his arrival in Alabama, he enlisted in the U.S. Army under General Jackson and continued with him until the close of the Indian War in Florida. After his return to Conecuh, he settled n ear Belleville. He was baptized by Rev. Alexander Travis in 1825 and began to preach as a licenciate for a short time. After serving as a licenciate for a short time, he was ordained by E lder Travis and Elder Ellks. He began his ministerial work in the Forks Sepulga and later move d to Mt. Moriah, Wilcox County, where he founded the Baptist church known as Fellowship church . He became identified with every denominational interest that sprang up in the counties of Monroe, Wilcox and Conecuh, and aided in the constitution of most of the churches in those counties. In 1856, Rev. Hawthorne moved to Mobile and established a book store at the same time servings pastor of the Stone Street African Church. He spent more than fifty years in the ministry; was a missionary in eastern and middle Florida; and founded many churches in south Alabama and west Florida; and married about forty-five hundredpersons.
Children of KEDAR HAWTHORNE and MARTHA BAGGETT are:
i. MARY ANN6 HAWTHORNE, b. WFT Est. 1816-184026; d. WFT Est. 1859-192627; m. JOHN (W?) CANNON, WFT Est. 1848-188028.
ii. ALEXANDER TRAVIS HAWTHORNE , GEN., b. 1825, Conecuh County, Alabama.
Notes for ALEXANDER TRAVIS HAWTHORNE , GEN.:
Dictionary of Alabama Biography, Owen, p. 774.
Baptist minister, Confederate soldier; was born in 1825 in Conecuhcounty; son of Kedar and Ma rtha (Baggett) Hawthorne (q.v.) nephew of Hon.J. R. Hawthorne of east Wilcox County; and brot her of Rev. James Boardman(q.v.) He grew to manhood in Wilcox County, and in 1846 went to Me xicoas a lieutenant in Capt. Blanton McAlpine's company from Mobile. Laterhe practiced law f or several years in Arkansas and was in the mercantilebusiness in New Orleans, Louisiana, a t the beginning of the War ofSecession. He returned to Arkansas and recruited a regiment fo r the C.S.Army, took an active part in the service and was promoted to the rank ofbrigadier g eneral in the Trans-Mississippi department under GeneralPrice. After the war, he resided i n Texas and became a Baptist minister.
iii. JAMES BOARDMAN HAWTHORNE , REV., b. May 16, 1837, Wilcox County, Alabama; d. Richmond, Virginia (last known residence); m. EMMA MATILDA HUTCHINSON, Mobile.
Notes for JAMES BOARDMAN HAWTHORNE , REV.:
1 AUTH literary studies at Howard and Marion
1 AGNC studied law in mobile
1 DEST Friendship Baptist Church, Wilcox County
1 MEDI Second Baptist Church, Mobile
2 PLAC Broadway Baptist Church
1 GEDC Tabernacle Baptist, New York City
1 REPO Montgomery First Baptist Church
Richmond, First Baptist church
First Baptist of Atlanta
Nashville, First Baptist
Richmond, Grove Avenue
Southern Baptist Convention 50th anniversary in ministry
Richmond, First Baptist church
First Baptist of Atlanta
Nashville, First Baptist
Richmond, Grove Avenue
Southern Baptist Convention 50th anniversary in ministry
More About REV JAMES BOARDMAN HAWTHORNE, REV.:
Fact 1: attended Camden Military Academy
Fact 2: literary studies at Howard and Marion
Fact 3: studied law in mobile
Fact 4: re-entered college studied theology
Fact 5: Friendship Baptist Church, Wilcox County
Fact 6: Second Baptist Church, Mobile
Fact 7: Chaplain, 24th Alabama infantry
Fact 8: close, Selma 2 yrs.
Fact 9: Franklin Square, Baltimore
Fact 10: First Baptist Church, Albany New York
Fact 11: Broadway Baptist Church
Fact 12: Tabernacle Baptist, New York City
Fact 13: Montgomery First Baptist Church
Children of JAMES HAWTHORNE and EMMA HUTCHINSON are:
27. i. HARTWELL13 HAWTHORNE.
ii. CHARLES HAWTHORNE, m. EFFIE BROWN; b. Montgomery; d. Maryland?.